Research Papers

Thermal Performance Study of a Water Tank for a Solar System With a Fresnel Lens

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Chen

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
University of Shanghai for Science and
Room 314, Second Building,
Jungong Road, Yangpu District,
Shanghai 200093, China
e-mail: 09900589r@connect.polyu.hk

H. T. Xu

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
University of Shanghai for Science and
Room 310, Second Building,
Jungong Road, Yangpu District,
Shanghai 200093, China
e-mail: htxu@usst.edu.cn

Z. Y. Wang

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
University of Shanghai for Science and
Room 310, Second Building,
Jungong Road, Yangpu District,
Shanghai 200093, China
e-mail: secongsonw@163.com

S. P. Han

Shanghai Institute of Special Equipment
Inspection and Technical Research,
Room 504, Jinshanjiang Road,
Putuo District,
Shanghai 200062, China
e-mail: hanshoupeng@yeah.net

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received September 12, 2017; final manuscript received April 10, 2018; published online May 7, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Ming Qu.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(5), 051005 (May 07, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1381; doi: 10.1115/1.4039986 History: Received September 12, 2017; Revised April 10, 2018

The heat transfer characteristics of a rectangular water tank used in a solar water heating system with a Fresnel Len were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively through the theoretical and numerical methods. The water tank is 450 mm × 400 mm × 500 mm in size and consists of 15 layers of coil pipe placed at its center. The MIX number and exergy efficiency were studied to quantify the thermal stratification of this water tank. A flow field analysis was also carried out to understand the heat transfer mechanism inside the water tank. Results indicate that the Nusselt number of shell side is increased with the growth of Reynolds number. The MIX number suggested that the thermal stratification is enhanced and then reduced with increasing flow rate. A correlation is proposed to predict the Nusselt numbers on the shell side. A detailed flow field analysis indicated that the thermal stratification is highly related to the runoff time, buoyancy force, mixing process, and geometry of the water tank.

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Fig. 1

Flow diagram of the experimental setup

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Fig. 2

Heat exchanger tank and helical coil

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Fig. 3

Detailed mesh of water tank

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Fig. 4

Grid-independent verification

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Fig. 5

Influence of flow rate on MIX number

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Fig. 6

Influence of flow rate on exergy efficiency

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Fig. 7

Variation of Nusselt number with Reynolds number

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Fig. 8

Comparison of experimental and predicted Nusselt numbers

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Fig. 9

Temperature and velocity contours of heat exchange water tank: (a) m = 0.03 kg/s, (b) m = 0.05 kg/s, (c) m = 0.08 kg/s, (d) m = 0.1 kg/s, (e) m = 0.15 kg/s, and (f) m = 0.2 kg/s



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