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Research Papers

Design of Phase Change Material Based Domestic Solar Cooking System for Both Indoor and Outdoor Cooking Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
S. M. Santhi Rekha

Thermal Energy Research Unit,
School of Renewable Energy Technology,
Naresuan University,
Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
e-mail: rekha.anu.eee@gmail.com

Sukruedee Sukchai

Thermal Energy Research Unit,
School of Renewable Energy Technology,
Naresuan University,
Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand
e-mail: sukruedee@hotmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received July 13, 2017; final manuscript received March 9, 2018; published online April 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Gerardo Diaz.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(4), 041010 (Apr 09, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1286; doi: 10.1115/1.4039605 History: Received July 13, 2017; Revised March 09, 2018

This paper mainly focuses on the design of solar concentric parabolic cooker with proper arrangement of phase change material (PCM) heat storage system. The receiver is a hollow concentric cylinder with inner and outer radii being 0.09 m and 0.1 m, respectively. The thickness or the gap between the two layers of the receiver is 0.01 m and is filled with heat transfer oil. The outer layer of the receiver is surrounded by the vertical cylindrical PCM tubes of diameter 0.025 m. The three modes of heat transfer, radiation, convection, and conduction, are explained and analyzed by heat transfer network. The schematic view of the receiver is shown with the help of sketchup software. The performance parameters, heat loss factor, optical efficiency factor, cooking power of the solar cooker, were calculated with and without PCM in the receiver. 7.74 W m−2 and 2.46 W m−2 are the heat loss factors, and 0.098 and 0.22 are the optical efficiency factors of the solar cooker without and with PCM presented in the receiver. The optical efficiency factor of the solar cooker with PCM receiver is two times more than that receiver without PCM. The cooking power of the solar cooker with PCM receiver is 125.3 W which is 65.6 W more than that of the cooking power without PCM receiver. From these results, it can be concluded that the design of PCM solar cooking system can expand the applicability of solar cookers as a compatible cooking solution for cooking applications instead of using fossil fuel based cooking systems.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Geometrical representation of design parameters

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Fig. 2

Schematic view of (a) cooking pot layers and (b) cooking pot with PCM tubes

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Fig. 3

Design of the receiver: (a) front view and (b) top view

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Fig. 4

Variation in mass of different PCMs

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Fig. 5

Variation in heat of fusion for different PCMs

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Fig. 6

Heat transfer network of PCM solar cooker

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Fig. 7

The complete design of PCM solar cooker

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Fig. 8

Heating curve of receiver in the first step

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Fig. 9

Cooling curve of receiver in the first step

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Fig. 10

Temperature profiles of receiver in the first step

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Fig. 11

Heating curve of receiver in the second step

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Fig. 12

Cooling curve of receiver in the second step

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Fig. 13

Temperature profiles of receiver in the second step

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Fig. 14

A 6 day temperature profile of the receiver cooking layer in the first step

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Fig. 15

A 7 day temperature profile of the receiver cooking layer in the second step

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