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Technical Brief

Incidence-Angle- and Wavelength-Resolved Ray-Tracing Simulations of a Linear Fresnel Collector Using the In-House Software otsun

[+] Author and Article Information
Julian D. Hertel

Department of Physics,
Universitat de les Illes Balears,
Ctra. de Valldemossa km 7.5,
Palma de Mallorca 07122, Illes Balears, Spain
e-mail: julian.hertel@uib.es

Francesc Bonnín-Ripoll

Department of Physics,
Universitat de les Illes Balears,
Ctra. de Valldemossa km 7.5,
Palma de Mallorca 07122, Illes Balears, Spain
e-mail: f.bonnin@uib.cat

Víctor Martínez-Moll

Department of Physics,
Universitat de les Illes Balears,
Ctra. de Valldemossa km 7.5,
Palma de Mallorca 07122, Illes Balears, Spain
e-mail: victor.martinez@uib.es

Ramón Pujol-Nadal

Department of Physics,
Universitat de les Illes Balears,
Ctra. de Valldemossa km 7.5,
Palma de Mallorca 07122, Illes Balears, Spain
e-mail: ramon.pujol@uib.es

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received June 15, 2017; final manuscript received January 19, 2018; published online March 13, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Marc Röger.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(3), 034502 (Mar 13, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1233; doi: 10.1115/1.4039329 History: Received June 15, 2017; Revised January 19, 2018

The set of optical models that is implemented in ray-tracing software determines the accuracy of its output. A sensitivity analysis was carried out using a powerful in-house program, which provides a large number of surface reflectance and scattering models and in addition, can also run spectral simulations. A linear Fresnel collector was selected as a test case together with the most accurate data that can be found in the literature for the optical properties of its components. The test results indicate that simulations based on constant values, such as mostly provided by the manufacturer, are generally inaccurate and a spectral simulation is not essential for thermal applications.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Description of the reference case. (a) Geometry of the collector. (b)–(d) Respective thin-film assembly of surface-treated component and an exemplary cross-sectional curve of its TMM reflectance surface R(λ,θ) at normal incidence.

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Fig. 2

Scattering model of Good et al. [15]. Measured points versus the analytical factorization model for the variance of specular dispersion.

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Fig. 3

Overview of the simulation cases

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Fig. 4

Comparison of analytical models (Eqs. (7)(9) and (11)) with the solar weighted surface reflectance of the material configurations of Sec. 2

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Fig. 5

Results for angle- versus wavelength-resolved simulations

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Fig. 6

Difference between full parameter and incidence-angle-resolved simulations for different scattering variances and without considering macro errors

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Fig. 7

Difference between full parameter and 1D surface reflectance model simulations

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