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Research Papers

Thermal Performance Evaluation of Textile Waste as an Alternative Solution for Heat Transfer Reduction in Buildings

[+] Author and Article Information
Ayoub Gounni

Laboratory of Physical Materials,
Microelectronics, Automatics and
Heat Transfer (LPMMAT),
Faculty of Sciences,
University of Hassan II Casablanca,
Casablanca 20100, Morocco
e-mail: gounni.ayoub@gmail.com

Mohamed El Wazna

Laboratory of Physic-Chemical
of Applied Materials,
Sciences Faculty of Ben M'sik,
University of Hassan II Casablanca,
Casablanca 20700, Morocco;
Laboratory REMTEX,
Higher School of Textile and clothing Industries,
Km 8, Route d'EL JADIDA,
Casablanca 20100, Morocco
e-mail: elwazna-mohamed@hotmail.fr

Mustapha El Alami

Laboratory of Physical Materials,
Microelectronics, Automatics and
Heat Transfer (LPMMAT),
Faculty of Sciences,
University of Hassan II Casablanca,
Casablanca 20100, Morocco
e-mails: m.elalami@fsac.ac.ma; elalamimus@gmail.com

Abdeslam El Bouari

Laboratory of Physic-Chemical
of Applied Materials,
Sciences Faculty of Ben M'sik,
University of Hassan II Casablanca,
Casablanca 20700, Morocco
e-mail: elbouari@gmail.com

Omar Cherkaoui

Laboratory REMTEX,
Higher School of Textile and Clothing Industries,
Km 8, Route d'EL JADIDA,
Casablanca 20100, Morocco
e-mail: cherkaoui@esith.ac.ma

Mohamed Tahar Mabouk

LEMTA,
UMR CNRS 7563,
Université de Lorraine,
Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy F-54500, France
e-mail: mohamed.mabrouk@gmx.fr

Abdelhamid Kheiri

LEMTA,
UMR CNRS 7563,
Université de Lorraine,
Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy F-54500, France
e-mail: abdelhamid.kheiri@univ-lorraine.fr

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 3, 2017; final manuscript received December 11, 2017; published online January 22, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Ming Qu.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(2), 021004 (Jan 22, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1120; doi: 10.1115/1.4038786 History: Received April 03, 2017; Revised December 11, 2017

The potential applicability of a developed recycled textile material, based on acrylic spinning waste, as thermal insulation is conducted. The prepared acrylic spinning waste (AS) is thermo-physically characterized in terms of density, air permeability, and thermal conductivity. The results show that the density and air permeability are 10.583 kg/m3 and 1100 L/m2/s, respectively. In addition, the thermal conductivity is found to be 38.27 mW/(m K). The developed thermal insulator is then tested in a thermally controlled reduced scale cavity. Two walls of the cavity are outfitted with AS at two different locations and compared to the walls without AS. The comparison is made based on the wall surface temperature and heat flux. A reduction in surface temperature is observed in the walls outfitted with AS, compared to wall without AS. Indeed, compared to a control wall, the peak heat fluxes are reduced by 27.23% and 18.67%, respectively, related to the walls with AS at location 1 and location 2. The obtained results show that the AS is a competitive thermal insulation material and can increase the thermal performance of the building walls.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Illustrations of the needling loom

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Fig. 2

Acrylic-spinning waste (AS)

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Fig. 3

Measuring device to determine the thickness (a) and the air permeability (b)

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Fig. 4

The guarded hot plate apparatus lambda-Meter EP500e

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Fig. 5

Controlled temperature test cell

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Fig. 6

Composition of the test cell walls

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Fig. 7

Exterior and interior surface temperature of the used vertical walls with only wood layers during the calibration test

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Fig. 8

Outside surface temperature of the test cell walls

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Fig. 9

Heat flux across the walls

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