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Review Article

A Comprehensive Review of Solar Milk Pasteurization System

[+] Author and Article Information
Hitesh Panchal

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Government Engineering College,
Patan 384002, Gujarat, India
e-mail: engineerhitesh2000@gmail.com

Jay Patel, Sudhir Chaudhary

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Hansaba College of Engineering
and Technology,
Siddhpur 384151, Gujarat, India

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received August 30, 2017; final manuscript received October 12, 2017; published online December 5, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Gerardo Diaz.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 140(1), 010801 (Dec 05, 2017) (8 pages) Paper No: SOL-17-1357; doi: 10.1115/1.4038505 History: Received August 30, 2017; Revised October 12, 2017

Solar pasteurization system is used to kill harmful bacteria present in the raw milk. It is carried out in dairy industries with the help of boiler and using wood or coal for heating of the milk. Due to the increment of global warming and its harmful effects, coal or wood should not be used for milk pasteurization system. Hence, researchers have started work on renewable energy source like solar energy for pasteurization system. Many scientists from all around the world have attempted to use solar energy for milk pasteurization system. The present review paper shows the research works carried out by researchers on milk pasteurization system. After several reviews, it has been found that solar energy is the best solution for milk pasteurization system.

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Topics: Solar energy
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Figures

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Fig. 1

Layout of milk processing plant

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Fig. 2

Dairy plant scheme for simulation purpose

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Fig. 3

Diagram of pasteurization process based on solar panel

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Fig. 4

Control strategy of pasteurization system

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Fig. 5

Low-cost Fresnel type concentrator for solar pasteurization process

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Fig. 6

Boiler to receive solar rays for pasteurization of milk

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Fig. 7

Base temperature versus time interval for solar pasteurizer

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Fig. 8

Inner space temperature versus time interval for solar pasteurizer

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Fig. 9

Milk temperature versus time interval for solar pasteurizer

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Fig. 10

Experimental setup of solar pasteurization system with the aid of flat-plate collector

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Fig. 11

Average required time to reach pasteurization temperature during September, October, and November 2009

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Fig. 12

Experimental setup of milk pasteurization system with the help of flat-plate collector

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Fig. 13

Schematic diagram to produce pasteurized milk by the thermal utility of the solar energy

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Fig. 14

Line diagram of solar milk pasteurizer setup with the help of evacuated tubes collector

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