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Technical Brief

Experimental Study of Solar Reverse Osmosis Unit for Remote Areas

[+] Author and Article Information
Saeed J. Almalowi

Taibah University, College of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Dept., AL Madinah, Western Province, KSA
smalowi@taibahu.edu.sa

AbdulAziz M AlRaddadi

Bin Quraya Holding, Mechanical Engineer, Dhahran, Eastern Province, KSA
abdulaziz.rdd@gmail.com

Mostafa H AlZughaibi

Ministry of Defense, Mechanical Engineer, KSA
mostafa-8@hotmail.com

Mazen M AlHazmi

Mechanical Engineer, KSA
mazen-m-alhazmi@hotmail.com

Mohannad H Massoudi

Mechanical Engineer, KSA
mohanned32127@hotmail.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037904 History: Received May 09, 2017; Revised August 06, 2017

Abstract

Reverse osmosis technique (RO) is one of most efficient methods to desalinate the salt water. An accurate and detailed experimental method was established to analyze the performance of the unpotable water reverse osmosis process, which is the solution-diffusion and mass transfer theory. The reverse osmosis is going to be operated using an alternative energy source, solar energy. The solar cells are utilized to run the reverse osmosis unit with a single vertical membrane. DC current is produced by a solar panel which is required to run out the DC booster pump without using an inverter. The production of freshwater is the major studied parameter in this project with other parameters, such as the efficiency of the RO unit, the salt rejection percentage, etc. The experimental work has studied a significant meaning for the detailed understanding of solar reverse osmosis unit in order to be utilized in the remote areas. The experimental results show significant results.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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