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Technical Brief

A Solar Reactor Design for Research on Calcium Oxide-Based Carbon Dioxide Capture

[+] Author and Article Information
Leanne Reich

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Minnesota,
111 Church Street South East,
Minneapolis, MN 55455
e-mail: matth301@umn.edu

Luke Melmoth

Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mail: u4870390@anu.edu.au

Lindsey Yue

Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mail: lindsey.yue@anu.edu.au

Roman Bader

Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mail: roman.bader@anu.edu.au

Robert Gresham

Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mail: rob.gresham@anu.edu.au

Terrence Simon

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Minnesota,
111 Church Street South East,
Minneapolis, MN 55455
e-mail: simon002@umn.edu

Wojciech Lipiński

Research School of Engineering,
The Australian National University,
Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
e-mail: wojciech.lipinski@anu.edu.au

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 23, 2015; final manuscript received May 26, 2017; published online July 17, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Werner J. Platzer.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 139(5), 054501 (Jul 17, 2017) (4 pages) Paper No: SOL-15-1106; doi: 10.1115/1.4037089 History: Received April 23, 2015; Revised May 26, 2017

An engineering design for a novel 1-kW solar-driven reactor to capture carbon dioxide via the calcium oxide-based two-step carbonation–calcination cycle has been completed. The reactor consists of a downward-facing cylindrical dual cavity. The inner cavity serves as the radiation receiver, while the outer cavity is the reaction chamber that contains a packed- or fluidized-bed of reacting particles. Several aspects have been incorporated in this reactor design, including high flexibility, mechanical rigidity and simplicity, high-temperature and thermal shock resistance, accommodation of thermal expansion, low convective heat losses, uniform gas distribution inside the reaction chamber, and simple reactor assembly. The final reactor design is presented, and the reactor assembly is illustrated.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of the solar reactor

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Solar reactor assembly steps

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