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research-article

Experimental investigation on heat losses from differentially heated cylindrical cavity receiver used in paraboloid concentrator

[+] Author and Article Information
Ravindra D. Jilte

Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India 144411
rdjilte@gmail.com

Jayant K. Nayak

Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400076
jknayak@iitb.ac.in

Shireesh B. Kedare

Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400076
sbkedare@iitb.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036255 History: Received April 11, 2016; Revised February 24, 2017

Abstract

In the present study, an experimental testing facility is created to analyze the heat losses from cylindrical solar cavity. Tests are carried out under temperature range from 225°C to 425°C for a cavity inclination from ? = 0° to 90° in steps of 30°. It is observed that for off-flux investigation of solar cavity receiver, isothermal wall temperature can be established with differential heating arrangement. Total loss is found to be the highest when the cavity aperture is positioned at sideways (? = 0°). It decreases by 43-51% when the cavity is inclined (? = 90°). The conduction loss is found to accounts up to 32-34 % of the total heat loss whereas cavity radiative losses is estimated 13%, 16% and 20% of total heat loss respectively for cavity wall temperature 225°C, 325 °C and 425°C. Convective loss is found to accounts up to 46 - 54 % of total heat loss when the cavity aperture is facing sideways (? = 0°), whereas its value reduces to up to 4 % of total heat loss when the cavity aperture is facing downwards direction (? = 90°). A Nusselt number correlation has been developed for predicting the convective heat loss from open cavity. Nusselt number correlation correlates 80% of data within ±25% deviation, and 100% of data within ±30% deviation.

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