Review Article

Integrating Health Into Buildings of the Future

[+] Author and Article Information
Leila Heidari, George Chandler, James Gooch, Paul Schramm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
Atlanta, GA 30341

Margalit Younger

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Atlanta, GA 30341

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received May 1, 2016; final manuscript received October 15, 2016; published online November 29, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Patrick E. Phelan.This material is declared a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 139(1), 010802 (Nov 29, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: SOL-16-1200; doi: 10.1115/1.4035061 History: Received May 01, 2016; Revised October 15, 2016

The health and wellbeing of building occupants should be a key priority in the design, building, and operation of new and existing buildings. Buildings can be designed, renovated, and constructed to promote healthy environments and behaviors and mitigate adverse health outcomes. This paper highlights health in terms of the relationship between occupants and buildings, as well as the relationship of buildings to the community. In the context of larger systems, smart buildings and green infrastructure strategies serve to support public health goals. At the level of the individual building, interventions that promote health can also enhance indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and provide opportunities for physical activity. Navigating the various programs that use metrics to measure a building's health impacts reveals that there are multiple co-benefits of a “healthy building,” including those related to the economy, environment, society, transportation, planning, and energy efficiency.

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