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Research Papers

Value-Driven Design Process: A Systematic Decision-Making Framework Considering Different Attribute Preferences From Multiple Stakeholders

[+] Author and Article Information
Jun Zhuang

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering,
University at Buffalo,
317 Bell Hall,
Buffalo, NY 14260-2050
e-mail: jzhuang@buffalo.edu

Ming Hu

School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation,
University of Maryland,
ARC 1207,
3835 Campus Drive,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: mhu2008@umd.edu

Fatemeh Mousapour

Industrial and Systems Engineering,
University at Buffalo,
339A Bell Hall,
Buffalo, NY 14260-2050
e-mail: fmousapo@buffalo.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 30, 2016; final manuscript received October 17, 2016; published online November 2, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Patrick E. Phelan.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 139(2), 021001 (Nov 02, 2016) (6 pages) Paper No: SOL-16-1199; doi: 10.1115/1.4035059 History: Received April 30, 2016; Revised October 17, 2016

In general, architectural design is a loosely structured, open-ended activity that includes problem definition, representation, performance evaluation, and decision making. A number of approaches have been proposed in the literature to organize, guide, and facilitate the design process. The main objective of this paper is to seek a logical and rigorous means to aid in developing an optimized design that is acceptable to the customer or user of the product. The convention design approaches heavily involve decision making, which is integral to the architectural design process and is an important element in nearly all phases of design. There is a need to reframe the decision-making process to transform and improve the design process in order for finial building to achieve the performance goals. The first step in making an effective design decision is to understand the stakeholders' and team players' (architect, engineer, client, and consultant) different preferences based on their needs, experiences, and expectations of the project. In this paper, we first provide an overview about conventional decision-making method and process, identify the existing attributes that contribute to decision making in design, and outline the obstacles present in making optimized sustainable design decisions due to the uncertainty of different stakeholders' preferences. Then, we present one case study to identify and compare different preferences among engineering students, practicing architects, and the general public, and we analyze how the three groups attribute different weight to the major design attributes. This paper provides some novel insights into a value-driven sustainable design process, and it will be one of the building blocks for creating a framework to integrate game theory into the design decision-making process, considering multiple stakeholders' perspectives and preferences for building attributes as future research tasks.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Weight of general attributes according to engineering students' preferences

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Weight of general attributes according to practicing architects' preferences

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Weight of general attributes according to public preferences

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Weight of all attributes for each group of participant

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

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