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Design Innovation Paper

Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy—Enabling Innovative Solutions for Buildings of the Future

[+] Author and Article Information
Kaushik Biswas

Energy and Transportation Science Division,
Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
One Bethel Valley Road,
Building 3147,
P.O. Box 2008, M.S.—6070,
Oak Ridge, TN 37831
e-mail: biswask@ornl.gov

James Rose

College of Architecture and Design,
The University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, TN 37996
e-mail: jrose18@utk.edu

Leif Eikevik

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP,
Chicago, IL 60604
e-mail: leif.eikevik@som.com

Maged Guerguis

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP,
Chicago, IL 60604
e-mail: maged.guerguis@som.com

Philip Enquist

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP,
Chicago, IL 60604;
Governor's Chair for Energy and Urbanism at the
University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, TN 37996
e-mail: Philip.Enquist@som.com

Brian Lee

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP,
Chicago, IL 60604
e-mail: Brian.Lee@som.com

Lonnie Love

Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge
National Laboratory,
Oak Ridge, TN 37831
e-mail: lovelj@ornl.gov

Johney Green

Associate Laboratory Director at the National Renewable
Energy Laboratory,
Golden, CO 80401
e-mail: Johney.Green@nrel.gov

Roderick Jackson

Energy and Transportation Science Division,
Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
Oak Ridge, TN 37831
e-mail: jacksonrk@ornl.gov

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 29, 2016; final manuscript received October 4, 2016; published online November 10, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Patrick E. Phelan.The United States Government retains, and by accepting the article for publication, the publisher acknowledges that the United States Government retains, a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this work, or allow others to do so, for United States government purposes.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 139(1), 015001 (Nov 10, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: SOL-16-1196; doi: 10.1115/1.4034980 History: Received April 29, 2016; Revised October 04, 2016

The additive manufacturing integrated energy (AMIE) demonstration utilized three-dimensional (3D) printing as an enabling technology in the pursuit of construction methods that use less material, create less waste, and require less energy to build and operate. Developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in collaboration with the Governor's Chair for Energy and Urbanism, a research partnership of the University of Tennessee (UT) and ORNL led by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), AMIE embodies a suite of innovations demonstrating a transformative future for designing, constructing, and operating buildings. Subsequent, independent UT College of Architecture and Design studios taught in collaboration with SOM professionals also explored forms and shapes based on biological systems that naturally integrate structure and enclosure. AMIE, a compact microdwelling developed by ORNL research scientists and SOM designers, incorporates next-generation modified atmosphere insulation (MAI), self-shading windows, and the ability to produce, store, and share solar power with a paired hybrid vehicle. It establishes for the first time, a platform for investigating solutions integrating the energy systems in buildings, vehicles, and the power grid. The project was built with broad-based support from local industry and national material suppliers. Designed and constructed in a span of only 9 months, AMIE 1.0 serves as an example of the rapid innovation that can be accomplished when research, design, academic, and industrial partners work in collaboration toward the common goal of a more sustainable and resilient built environment.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Additive manufacturing integrated energy demonstration

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Fig. 2

Over-generation of renewable energy during low-demand hours [2]. Licensed with permission from the California ISO. Any statements, conclusions, summaries or other commentaries expressed herein do not reflect the opinions or endorsement of the California ISO.

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Fig. 3

ORNL's BAAM system printing a section of the AMIE demonstration structure

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Fig. 4

Layer-by-layer, corduroy texture of the 3D printed sections

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Fig. 5

AMIE interior section; components and assembly

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Fig. 6

Daylighting in the AMIE structure

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Fig. 7

Students' expanding origami concept, inspired by the strength, thinness, and flexibility of folded paper, is one of the four graduate student design projects that explored future applications of additive manufacturing in architecture

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Fig. 8

Assembly of the AMIE structure

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Fig. 9

MAI in AMIE; infrared image distinguishing the heat transfer through AMIE sections containing MAI and foam insulation

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Fig. 10

Microkitchen in AMIE

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Fig. 11

Bidirectional wireless power transfer system coil (left) and charging plate alignment (right)

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Fig. 12

Building control and power management strategies directing electrical energy flow

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Fig. 13

MAI panels integrated with the AMIE structural design

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Fig. 14

Replacement of over-sized end wall frames using 3D-printed sections

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Fig. 15

Home construction in 1877 (left) versus current construction (right). Sources: National Endowment for the Humanities;6 Architecture Curriculum at Magill University in Canada.7

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Fig. 16

An option for combining normative structure with customizable interior components and a parametrically optimized façade

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