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Research Papers

Vortices' Characteristics to Explain the Flange Height Effects on the Aerodynamic Performances of a Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
Rym Chaker

Laboratory of Wind Power Control and Energy
Valorization of Waste (LMEEVED),
Research and Technology Center of Energy (CRTEn),
Technopark, BP. 95,
Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
e-mail: rym.chaker@gmail.com

Mouldi Kardous

Laboratory of Wind Power Control and Energy
Valorization of Waste (LMEEVED),
Research and Technology Center of Energy (CRTEn),
Technopark, BP. 95,
Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
e-mail: mouldi.kardous@crten.rnrt.tn

Mahmoud Chouchen

Laboratory of Wind Power Control and Energy
Valorization of Waste (LMEEVED),
Research and Technology Center of Energy (CRTEn),
Technopark, BP. 95,
Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
e-mail: mamadouch2104@gmail.com

Fethi Aloui

Laboratory of Wind Power Control and Energy
Valorization of Waste (LMEEVED),
Research and Technology Center of Energy (CRTEn),
Technopark, BP. 95,
Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
e-mail: aloui_fethi@yahoo.fr

Sassi Ben Nasrallah

Laboratory of Wind Power Control and Energy
Valorization of Waste (LMEEVED),
National Engineering School of Monastir,
Avenue Ibn El Jazzar,
Monastir 5019, Tunisia
e-mail: Sassi.bennasrallah@enim.rnu.tn

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received January 8, 2016; final manuscript received September 29, 2016; published online October 24, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Douglas Cairns.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 138(6), 061013 (Oct 24, 2016) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-16-1014; doi: 10.1115/1.4034906 History: Received January 08, 2016; Revised September 29, 2016

Flange height is between the geometric features that contribute efficiently to improve the diffuser aerodynamic performances. Results obtained from wind tunnel experiments, particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements, and numerical simulations reveal that at the diffuser inlet section, the wind velocity increases as the flange height increases. Nevertheless, there is an optimal ratio (flange height/inlet section diameter, Hopt/Da ≈ 0.15) beyond it, the flange height effect on the velocity increase diminishes. This behavior can be explained by both the positions of the two contra-rotating vortices generated downstream of the diffuser and the pressure coefficient at their centers. Indeed, it was found that, as the flange height increases, the two vortices move away from each other in the flow direction and since the flange height exceeds (Hopt/Da), they became too distant from each other and from the flange. While the pressure coefficients at the vortices' centers increase with (H/Da), attain a maximum when (Hopt/Da) is reached, and then decrease. This suggests that the wind velocity increase depends on the pressure coefficient at the vortices' centers. Therefore, it depends on the vortices' locations which are in turn controlled by the flange height. In practice, this means that the diffuser could be more efficient if equipped with a control system able to hold the vortices too near from the flange.

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References

Figures

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Fig. 1

Photographs of the tested diffuser and the different rings used

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Fig. 2

(u/U) versus (H/Da): square point: measured data and circle point: corrected data

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Fig. 5

Examples of streamlines for some flange height (PIV measurement): (a) H/Da = 0.05, (b) H/Da = 0.2, and (c) H/Da = 0.3

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Fig. 6

Wind velocity vectors downstream the diffuser (PIV Data)

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Fig. 7

Streamlines, Γ2 criterion, and vortex center positions (experimental data)

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Fig. 8

Motion diagram of the two vortices (represented by the spatial coordinate of their centers Cx and Cy): squares and triangles correspond, respectively, to the first vortex and the second vortex; filled symbol corresponds to the optimal flange height

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Fig. 3

(u/U) versus (H/Da) for different data sets: filled points correspond to optimal value

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Fig. 4

(u/U) calculated versus (u/U) measured for the whole data sets (H/Da ≤ 0.15)

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Fig. 9

Pressure coefficient (Cp) at vortices' centers versus (H/Da)

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Fig. 10

ΔCp and u/U versus H/Da

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