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Technical Brief

Hybrid Microgrid Simulation

[+] Author and Article Information
João Batista Dias

Laboratory of Photovoltaic Solar Energy,
UNISINOS,
São Leopoldo, 93022-000, Brazil
e-mail: joaobd@unisinos.br

Stefanie Bator

Laboratory of Photovoltaic Solar Energy,
UNISINOS,
São Leopoldo, 93022-000, Brazil
e-mail: sbator@hotmail.com

Philippe Poggi

UMR CNRS 6134 SPE,
Université de Corse,
Ajaccio 20000, France
e-mail: philippe.poggi@univ-corse.fr

Bruna Ferrari

Laboratory of Photovoltaic Solar Energy,
UNISINOS,
São Leopoldo, 93022-000, Brazil
e-mail: ferrrari-bruna@hotmail.com

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received July 25, 2015; final manuscript received March 23, 2016; published online May 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Dr. Akiba Segal.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 138(4), 044501 (May 05, 2016) (5 pages) Paper No: SOL-15-1229; doi: 10.1115/1.4033404 History: Received July 25, 2015; Revised March 23, 2016

This article introduces an implementation of an insulated alternative energy system. The objective of the study is the analysis of energy generation in communities that are located in insulated areas. The study focuses on the development of a photovoltaic hybrid microgrid, with storage in stationary lead-acid batteries and energy from fuel cell. The photovoltaic hybrid microgrid must be sized to produce enough energy to supply to a community of houses. This study attempts to elaborate a standard computational simulation method using the Matlab® Platform, to size the system independent of region, but taking the impact of local global irradiance, air temperature, and the energetic demand into consideration. This simulation type allows an estimation of the photovoltaic power to be installed and the nominal battery capacity.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Current used for attending the demand of a house during 24 hrs

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Fig. 2

Basic scheme of the photovoltaic microgrid

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Fig. 3

Battery charge behavior for a house in an overcast sky day and a clear sky day as a function of time

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Fig. 4

(a) AC power for an overcast sky day and a clear sky day as a function of time and (b) current profile as a function of time

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