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Technical Brief

Numerical Simulation, Design, and Construction of a Double Glazed Compound Parabolic Concentrators-Type Integrated Collector Storage Water Heater

[+] Author and Article Information
Hamdi Kessentini

Laboratoire de Matériaux,
Optimisation et Energie pour la Durabilité (MOED),
Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis (ENIT),
Université de Tunis El Manar,
Tunis 1002, Tunisia
e-mail: hamdi.kessentini@gmail.com

Chiheb Bouden

Professor
Laboratoire de Matériaux,
Optimisation et Energie pour la Durabilité (MOED),
Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis (ENIT),
Université de Tunis El Manar,
Tunis 1002, Tunisia
e-mail: chiheb.bouden@enit.rnu.tn

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received September 27, 2013; final manuscript received October 26, 2015; published online December 18, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Werner Platzer.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 138(1), 014501 (Dec 18, 2015) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-13-1282; doi: 10.1115/1.4032141 History: Received September 27, 2013; Revised October 26, 2015

The numerical simulation, design, and construction of a double glazed integrated collector storage (ICS) with compound parabolic concentrators (CPC) reflectors are presented. The design of the double glazing is optimized by means of numerical simulations under Tunisian climatic conditions. The numerical program used for the simulation consists on the transient resolution of the balance energy equations of each component of the solar water heater. Different proposed models of a double glazing are studied and compared with a reference case of a single glass ICS model. The simulation results have shown that the use of double glazing with argon layer and low-e coated lower glass instead of one glass cover significantly improves the thermal behavior of the ICS heater and visibly reduces its thermal losses during night. Taking into account these numerical results, a double-glazing ICS prototype-collector is constructed. The details of the construction, geometry, optical properties, and dimensions of the prototype are presented.

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References

Souliotis, M. , and Tripanagnostopoulos, Y. , 2006, “ ICS Solar Systems With Two Water Tanks,” Renewable Energy, 31(11), pp. 1698–1715. [CrossRef]
Goetzberger, A. , and Rommel, M. , 1987, “ Prospects for Integrated Storage Collector Systems in Central Europe,” J. Sol. Energy, 39(3), pp. 211–219. [CrossRef]
Smyth, M. , Eames, P. , and Nortonl, B. , 2006, “ Integrated Collector Storage Solar Water Heaters,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 10(6), pp. 503–553. [CrossRef]
Souliotis, M. , and Tripanagnostopoulos, Y. , 2004, “ Experimental Study of CPC Type ICS Solar Systems,” Sol. Energy, 76(4), pp. 389–408. [CrossRef]
Kessentini, H. , and Bouden, C. , 2013, “ Numerical and Experimental Study of an Integrated Solar Collector With CPC Reflectors,” Renewable Energy, 57, pp. 577–586. [CrossRef]
Garg, H. P. , 1975, “ Year Round Performance Studies on a Built-In-Storage Type Solar Water Heater at Jodhpur,” Sol. Energy, 17(3), pp. 167–172. [CrossRef]
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Kaushika, N. , and Reddy, K. , 1999, “ Thermal Design and Field Experiment of Transparent Honeycomb Insulated Integrated-Collector-Storage Solar Water Heater,” J. Appl. Therm. Eng., 19(2), pp. 145–161. [CrossRef]
Ojike, O. , 2011, “ Characterization of Flat Plate Double Glazed Solar Collectors,” Cont. J. Renewable Energy, 2(2), pp. 10–18.
Souliotis, M. , and Tripanagnostopoulos, Y. , 2006, “Optical Study of Double Tank ICS Solar Systems,” Int. Conf. EuroSun2006, Glasgow, UK, June 27–30.
Ghrab, N. , 1991, “ Analyse et Simulation du Comportement Thermique des Structures Architecturales Vis-À-Vis Des Apports Solaires,” Ph.D. Thesis, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Tunisia.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Heat fluxes in a cross section of the ICS solar heater

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Flow chart of the simulation program for ICS systems

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Measured versus predicted average water temperatures in the storage tanks for a sequence of five days without water drain (mean ambient temperature is about 30 °C and a peak solar radiation of 1000 W/m2). Top: lower placed tank, Bottom: upper placed tank.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Variation diagrams of the predicted mean daily, diurnal efficiency, and heat losses of the double glazed ICS system. (a) Diurnal efficiency, (b) daily efficiency, and (c) heat losses.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Theoretical variation of storage tanks water average temperature for a sequence of five days

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The constructed double glazed ICS solar heater: (a) cross-sectional view and (b) photo of the ICS heater

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