0
Research Papers

Alternative Method of Wind Measurement via Interpreting Dynamic Behaviors of a Helium Balloon

[+] Author and Article Information
Nataporn Korprasertsak

School of Manufacturing Systems
and Mechanical Engineering,
Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology,
Thammasat University,
P.O. Box 22, Thammasat Rangsit Post Office,
Pathum Thani 12121, Thailand
e-mail: nataporn.korp@gmail.com

Thananchai Leephakpreeda

School of Manufacturing Systems
and Mechanical Engineering,
Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology,
Thammasat University, P.O. Box 22,
Thammasat Rangsit Post Office,
Pathum Thani 12121, Thailand
e-mail: thanan@siit.tu.ac.th

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received May 20, 2014; final manuscript received August 18, 2014; published online September 3, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Yves Gagnon.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 137(1), 011014 (Sep 03, 2014) (9 pages) Paper No: SOL-14-1151; doi: 10.1115/1.4028368 History: Received May 20, 2014; Revised August 18, 2014

Wind measurement is crucial for wind energy assessment and development of wind farms. For conventional measurement, wind sensors are implemented on a wind mast at desired heights. This approach causes substantial costs of construction, time, and maintenance. The paper presents a simple low-cost method of wind measurement via interpreting dynamic behaviors of a helium balloon. A helium balloon is installed at the desired height where it is pulled by a cord of corresponding length. The end of the cord is tied to a specially designed holding mechanism of a rotating arm, which always leads to direction of wind. For wind speed, aerodynamic performance of the helium balloon is numerically investigated by mathematical models. It is found that drag force due to wind through the helium balloon dynamically balances forces of buoyancy, gravity, and tension. Therefore, wind speed at the balloon height can be determined from motion equations and drag equation since variables of the helium balloon are measured such as the swing angle away from vertical line and cord tension. By applying the wind profile power law, the wind speed data at the balloon height can be further adjusted to the values at the desired height. Experiments in a field study are readily performed to show great viability of the proposed methodology.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Barthelmie, R., Hansen, O. F., Enevoldsen, K., Højstrup, J., Frandsen, S., Pryor, S., Larsen, S., Motta, M., and Sanderhoff, P., 2005, “Ten Years of Meteorological Measurements for Offshore Wind Farms,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 127(2), pp. 170–176. [CrossRef]
Oh, K.-Y., Kim, J.-Y., Lee, J.-K., Ryu, M.-S., and Lee, J.-S., 2012, “An Assessment of Wind Energy Potential at the Demonstration Offshore Wind Farm in Korea,” Energy, 46(1), pp. 555–563. [CrossRef]
Chen, K., Song, M. X., and Zhang, X., 2013, “A Statistical Method to Merge Wind Cases for Wind Power Assessment of Wind Farm,” J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn., 119, pp. 69–77. [CrossRef]
Song, M. X., Chen, K., He, Z. Y., and Zhang, X., 2014, “Wind Resource Assessment on Complex Terrain Based on Observations of a Single Anemometer,” J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn., 125, pp. 22–29. [CrossRef]
Emeis, S., 2010, Measurement Methods in Atmospheric Sciences: In Situ and Remote, Schweizerbart Science Publishers, Stuttgart, Germany.
Brown, W. O. J., Cohn, S. A., Susedik, M. E., Martin, C. L., Maclean, G., and Parsons, D. B., 1999, “The NCAR/ARM Multiple Antenna Profiler,” Proceedings of the 9th ARM Science Team Meeting,” San Antonio, TX, Mar. 22–26, pp. 1–7.
Lataitis, R. J., Clifford, S. F., and Holloway, C. L., 2005, “An Alternative Method for Inferring Wind From Spaced-Antenna Radar Measurements,” Radio Sci., 30(2), pp. 463–474. [CrossRef]
Wu, D., Tang, J., Liu, Z., and Hu, Y., 2012, “Simulation of Coherent Doppler Wind Lidar Measurement From Space Based on CALIPSO Lidar Global Aerosol Observations,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat., 122, pp. 79–86. [CrossRef]
Banuelos-Ruedas, F., Angeles-Camacho, C., and Rios-Marcuello, S., 2011, “Methodologies Used in the Extrapolation of Wind Speed Data at Different Heights and Its Impact in the Wind Energy Resource Assessment in a Region,” Wind Farm-Technical Regulations, Potential Estimation and Siting Assessment, G. O.Suvire, ed., InTech Publishers, Rijeka, Croatia, Chap. IV.
Bertin, J. J., and Smith, M. L., 1998, Aerodynamics for Engineers, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Leephakpreeda, T., 2010, “Application of DC Servomotor on Airflow Measurement,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control,132(2), p. 021004. [CrossRef]
Klink, K., 2007, “Atmospheric Circulation Effects on Wind Speed Variability at Turbine Height,” J. Appl. Meteorl. Climatol., 46(4), pp. 445–456. [CrossRef]
Patel, M. R., 1999, Wind and Solar Power Systems, CRC Press, New York.
U.S. Standard Atmosphere, 1976, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Aeronautics and Space Administration, United States Air Force, Washington, DC.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Wind data at a height of 60 m: (a) speed and (b) direction

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Installation of helium balloon for wind measurement

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of wind measurement system using helium balloon near wind mast

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Diagram of data acquisition system for balloon measurements

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Motion analysis of helium balloon

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Free body diagram of helium balloon in atmosphere

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Trajectory of helium balloon with wind

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Determination of wind direction and wind magnitude

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Motions of helium balloon at constant wind speed: (a) 2 m/s, (b) 4 m/s, (c) 6 m/s, and (d) 8 m/s

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Simulated results under real wind blow: (a) actual wind speed, (b) height of helium balloon, and (c) swing angle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Plots of simulated results and measured data of wind speed against time at height of 60 m

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Determination of ground friction coefficient α

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Plots of experimental results reported in 1 day: (a) wind speed against time and (b) wind rose diagram of wind direction

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Linear regression analysis of two wind measurement systems: (a) speed and (b) direction

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In