0
Research Papers

Study the Combination of Photovoltaic Panels With Different Auxiliary Systems in Grid-Connected Condition

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Sadeghi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Graduate University of Advanced Technology,
Kerman, Iran
e-mail: s.sadeghi@kgut.ac.ir

M. Ameri

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Shahid Bahonar University,
Kerman, Iran
e-mail: ameri_mm@yahoo.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received March 9, 2014; final manuscript received May 7, 2014; published online May 29, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Santiago Silvestre.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 136(4), 041008 (May 29, 2014) (10 pages) Paper No: SOL-14-1087; doi: 10.1115/1.4027696 History: Received March 09, 2014; Revised May 07, 2014

This study considers the effect of PV panel cost on the use of auxiliary power systems (APSs) in the hybrid power generation system for grid-connected condition. Using the auxiliary power systems along with the PV panels is not essential in grid-connected condition; furthermore, auxiliary power systems produce emission. Therefore, if using the APS is not economic, the use of them is not justifiable. If their use can be justified, a comparison should be made between different auxiliary systems in order to choose the best among. In this work, an evolutionary algorithm (Pareto envelope-based selection algorithm (PESA)) is used for the comparison of different auxiliary systems. In addition, the effect of seasonal and monthly changes of the panel angle is considered. Seasonal or monthly change of the panel angle can improve the PV panel productivity and decrease the annualized cost (ANC) of the power generation system. In addition, this study examines the economical effect of unit electricity power price on the power exchange rate of the hybrid system with grid utility.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Bernal-Agust, J. L., and Dufo-Lopez, R., 2009, “Simulation and Optimization of Stand-Alone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 13(8), pp. 2111–2118. [CrossRef]
Baniasad Askari, I., and Ameri, M., 2009, “Optimal Sizing of Photovoltaic-Battery Power Systems in a Remote Region in Kerman, Iran,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part A, 223, pp. 563–570. [CrossRef]
Dufo-Lopez, R., and Bernal-Agust, J. L., 2005, “Design and Control Strategies of PV-Diesel Systems Using Genetic Algorithms,” Sol. Energy, 79(1), pp. 33–46. [CrossRef]
Lau, K. Y., Yousof, M. F. M., Arshad, S. N. M., Anwari, M., and Yatim, A. H. M., 2010, “Performance Analysis of Hybrid Photovoltaic/Diesel Energy System Under Malaysian Conditions,” Energy, 35, pp. 3245–3255. [CrossRef]
Baniasad Askari, I., and Ameri, M., 2011, “The Effect of Fuel Price on the Economic Analysis of Hybrid (Photovoltaic/Diesel/Battery) System in Iran,” Energy Sources, Part B, 6, pp. 357–377. [CrossRef]
Tudorache, T., and Morega, A., 2008, “Optimum Design of Wind/PV/Diesel/Batteries Hybrid Systems,” Second International Conference on Modern Power Systems, Romania.
Degobert, Ph., Kreuawanand, S., and Guillaud, X., 2006, “Micro-Grid Powered by Photovoltaic and Micro Turbine,” International Conference on Renewable Energies, France.
Sergio, B., Silva, S. B., de Oliveira, M. A. G., and Severino, M. M., 2010, “Economic Evaluation and Optimization of a Photovoltaic–Fuel Cell–Batteries Hybrid System for Use in the Brazilian Amazon,” Energy Policy, 38, pp. 6713–6723. [CrossRef]
Eroglu, M., Dursun, E., Sevencan, S., Song, J., Yazici, S., and Kilic, O., 2011, “A Mobile Renewable House Using PV/Wind/Fuel Cell Hybrid Power System,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36, pp. 7985–7992. [CrossRef]
Roth-Deblon, A., 2006, “Combined DC and AC Integration of Energy Sources in Hybrid 3-Phase Off-Grid Systems,” 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (IEEE, 2006), 2, pp. 2431–2433.
Kjaer, S. B., Pedersen, J. K., and Blaabjerg, F., 2005, “A Review of Single-Phase Grid-Connected Inverters for Photovoltaic Modules,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 41(5), pp. 292–306. [CrossRef]
Türkay, B. E., and Telli, A. Y., 2011, “Economic Analysis of Standalone and Grid Connected Hybrid Energy Systems,” Renewable Energy, 36, pp. 1931–1943. [CrossRef]
Liu, G., Rasul, M. G., Amanullah, M. T. O., and Khan, M. M. K., 2012, “Techno-Economic Simulation and Optimization of Residential Grid-Connected PV System for the Queensland Climate,” Renewable Energy, 45, pp. 146–155. [CrossRef]
Bernal-Agust, J. L., and Dufo-Lopez, R., 2009, “Multi-Objective Design and Control of Hybrid Systems Minimizing Costs and Unmet Load,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., 79, pp. 170–180. [CrossRef]
Dufo-Lopez, R., and Bernal-Agust, J. L., 2008, “Multi-Objective Design of PV–Wind–Diesel– Hydrogen–Battery Systems,” Renewable Energy, 33, pp. 2559–2572. [CrossRef]
Sadeghi, S., and Ameri, M., 2012, “Multi-Objective Optimization of PV-Battery Power Systems,” 20th Annual International Conference on Mechanical Engineering of Iran.
Erbs, D. G., Klein, S. A., and Duffie, J. A., 1982, “Estimation of the Diffuse Radiation Fraction for Hourly, Daily, and Monthly-Average Global Radiation,” Solar Energy, 28(4), pp. 293–302. [CrossRef]
Arun, P., Banerjee, R., and Bandyopadhyay, S., 2008, “Optimum Sizing of Battery-Integrated Diesel Generator for Remote Electrification Through Design-Space Approach,” Energy, 33, pp. 1155–1168. [CrossRef]
Corne, W., Knowles, D., and Oates, J., 2000, “The Pareto Envelope-Based Selection Algorithm for Multi Objective Optimization,” J. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci., 1917, pp. 839–848. [CrossRef]
Mekhilef, S., Saidurb, R., and Safari, A., 2012, “Comparative Study of Different Fuel Cell Technologies,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 16, pp. 981–989. [CrossRef]
Seattle City Light 2010 Integrated Resource Plan/Appendix I
Wu, D., W., and Wang, R., Z., 2006, “Combined Cooling, Heating and Power: A Review,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 32, pp. 459–495. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Monthly average power consumption for 500 households

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Monthly average daily radiation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

PESA algorithm flowchart

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Different curves that using the APS in the hybrid system is justified for points under them, international prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Different curves that using the APS in the hybrid system is justified for points under them, Iran prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Pareto frontiers of the hybrid system with different APS in CO2-ANC coordinates for international prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Pareto frontiers of the hybrid system with different APS in NOx-ANC coordinates for international prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Pareto frontiers of the hybrid system with different APS in CO2-ANC coordinates for Iran prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Pareto frontiers of the hybrid system with different APS in NOx-ANC coordinates for Iran prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Pareto frontiers of the SOFC–PV hybrid system for fix panel angle, seasonal panel angle change, and monthly panel angle change: international prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Pareto frontiers of the SOFC–PV hybrid system for fix panel angle, seasonal panel angle change, and monthly panel angle change: Iran prices.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Pareto frontiers of the SOFC–PV hybrid system for different situations of grid and power generation system connection: international prices

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Pareto frontiers of the SOFC–PV hybrid system for different situations of grid and power generation system connection: Iran prices

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In