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Technical Brief

A New Approach for Fabricating Low Cost DSSC by Using Carbon-Ink From Inkjet Printer and Its Improvement Efficiency by Depositing Metal Bridge Between Titanium Dioxide Particles

[+] Author and Article Information
Sahrul Saehana

Department of Physics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung, Indonesia
Departemen of Physics Education,
Tadulako University,
Palu 94118, Indonesia
e-mail: oel_281@yahoo.com

Darsikin

Departemen of Physics Education,
Tadulako University,
Palu 94118, Indonesia
e-mail: darsikinfis@gmail.com

Elfi Yuliza

Department of Physics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132, Indonesia
e-mail: yuza_icin@yahoo.com

Pepen Arifin

Department of Physics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132, Indonesia
e-mail: pepen_arifin@fi.itb.ac.id

Khairurrijal

Department of Physics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132, Indonesia
e-mail: krijal@fi.itb.ac.id

Mikrajuddin Abdullah

Department of Physics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132, Indonesia
e-mail: mikrajuddin@gmail.com

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: Including Wind Energy and Building Energy Conservation. Manuscript received November 30, 2013; final manuscript received April 22, 2014; published online June 3, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Santiago Silvestre.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 136(4), 044504 (Jun 03, 2014) (5 pages) Paper No: SOL-13-1352; doi: 10.1115/1.4027695 History: Received November 30, 2013; Revised April 22, 2014

We report the fabrication of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) using low-cost materials (carbon ink from an inkjet printer coated on glass as the counter electrode) and made by a combination of spray deposition and doctor blade methods. We noted that the efficiency of the DSSC with the carbon-coated electrode (1.13%) was comparable to that with a platinum-coated counter electrode (1.16%). We also proposed an equivalent circuit for this solar cell. The value of the charge-transfer resistance was determined both experimentally and analytically, and we found that both approaches produced the same results. Moreover, we improved the efficiency of DSSC based carbon by depositing copper nanoparticle into the space between Titanium Dioxide (TiOv2) nanoparticle using electroplating methods.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

SEM images of TiO2 film: (a) top view and (b) cross section

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Fig. 2

(a) SEM image of the carbon-coated electrode and (b) the corresponding EDX spectra

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Fig. 3

(a) X-ray diffraction patterns of TiO2 film and (b) carbon-coated electrode

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Fig. 4

I–V curves of platinum-based and carbon-based DSSCs under solar illumination (light intensity of 67.08 mW/cm2). The active areas of both the carbon and the platinum counter electrode devices are 1 cm2.

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Fig. 5

Calculation of serial resistances from J–V curves of DSSC devices at different light intensities, using (a) carbon-coated and (b) platinum-coated electrodes

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Fig. 6

EIS results and an equivalent circuit for DSSC solar cells (inset): (a) carbon -based DSSC and (b) platinum based DSSC

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Fig. 7

SEM image of Cu coated TiO2 film

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Fig. 8

I–V curves of uncoated DSSC and Cu coated DSSCs under solar illumination (light intensity of 67.08 mW/cm2)

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