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Technical Brief

Study of Economic Feasibility to Recharge Different Types of Electric Vehicles With Photovoltaic Solar Panels

[+] Author and Article Information
Sergio Valero Verdú

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energy,
Universidad Miguel Hernández,
Ave. of the University s/n. Building Innova,
Elche 03202, Spain
e-mail: svalero@umh.es

Carolina Senabre Blanes

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energy,
Universidad Miguel Hernández,
Ave. of the University s/n. Building Innova,
Elche 03202, Spain
e-mail: csenabre@umh.es

Demetrio López Sánchez

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energy,
Universidad Miguel Hernández,
Ave. of the University s/n. Building Innova,
Elche 03202, Spain

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received October 16, 2013; final manuscript received March 25, 2014; published online May 13, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Santiago Silvestre.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 136(4), 044502 (May 13, 2014) (9 pages) Paper No: SOL-13-1310; doi: 10.1115/1.4027424 History: Received October 16, 2013; Revised March 25, 2014

The article presents an economical study of the use of electric vehicles (Evs) in terms of years of amortization money saved and cost and expenses, etc. It has been compared combustion vehicles with the electric counterparts in terms of power and features appreciated by the user in the automobile market. The purpose of the study was to analyze the feasibility to recharge different electric vehicles by solar photovoltaic modules, so that energy generation would not contribute to any CO2 emissions, when the system would be installed and ready to supply these vehicles. The study also shows a comparative analysis of the cost of purchasing electricity to the distributor compared with the using of a photovoltaic system designed to recharge the vehicle, even it has also been calculated the depreciation. Finally, it has been analyzed comparatively the type of the solar photovoltaic system considered more economically viable for recharging a pure EV, therefore it has been compared projects on houses and on a parking to recharge several vehicles.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

AC Charging DC charging

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Fig. 2

Photovoltaic panels on the roof of a villa

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Fig. 3

Circuits of photovoltaic panels on the roof of a villa for recharging and consumption

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Fig. 4

View of the photovoltaic panels on the University parking for recharging 13 vehicles

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Fig. 5

Circuit schematics of photovoltaic panels on the University parking for recharging 13 vehicles

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Fig. 6

Pollutants emissions. Combustion vehicles versus electric vehicles.

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