0
Research Papers: Integrated Sustainable Equipment and Systems for Buildings

The Effects of Orientation on Energy Consumption in Buildings in Kazakhstan

[+] Author and Article Information
Serik Tokbolat, Raikhan Tokpatayeva

Research Assistant

Sarim Naji Al-Zubaidy

Professor
Fellow ASME
Vice Dean (Academic)
Nazarbayev University,
School of Engineering,
53, Kabanbay Batyr Ave.,
Astana 010000, Kazakhstan

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received January 22, 2013; final manuscript received September 1, 2013; published online September 26, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Jorge E. Gonzalez.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 135(4), 040902 (Sep 26, 2013) (8 pages) Paper No: SOL-13-1026; doi: 10.1115/1.4025427 History: Received January 22, 2013; Revised September 01, 2013

Buildings account for nearly 40% of the end-use energy consumption and carbon emissions globally. These buildings, once built, are bound to be utilized for several decades if not longer. The building sector, therefore, holds a significant responsibility for implementing strategies to increase energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions and thus contribute to global efforts directed toward mitigating the adverse effects of climate change. This paper presents an overview of the effect of building orientation on energy consumption in buildings for the extreme cold weather conditions in Astana (capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan), with temperature ranging between −35 and +40 °C. Passive design features coupled with integration of renewable energy technologies have been identified for the next generation of buildings in Astana. The specific nature of the work is intentional; it is a continuing attempt to generate relevant know how that has direct relevancy to Astana's system approach to energy conservation to meet its extreme winters. Simulations allowed assessing how changing certain input variables can impact the overall energy consumption of the considered object. The simulation results have shown that orientation of a building can significantly affect the energy usage rate. In fact, the building rotation has justified the initial assumptions that building orientation affects its energy consumption. The South and North facing directions are found to be the most energy efficient (initial orientation is 35 degrees toward the North-East). These findings have been confirmed by the separate calculations based on the local and international standards and codes. Keywords: energy, low energy design, passive solar heating and cooling, extreme weather conditions and energy consumption.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

RRCAP, 2007, “Industrial Pollution”, Part 2, p.71, http://www.rrcap.unep.org/reports/soe/sa_part2_3.pdf
DCLG, 2007, “Building a Greener Future: Policy Statement,” Department for Communities and Local Government. The Stationery Office, London.
BBC, 2010, “Kazakhstan. Country Profile,” http://news.bbc.co.uk/
UN, 2008, “Environmental Performance Reviews. Kazakhstan,” Second Review, http://www.unece.org/
Indexmundi, 2011, “Oil Production. Country Comparison,” http://www.indexmundi.com/g/r.aspx?t=0&v=97&l=en
PMR Publications, 2008, “Global Liquidity Crisis Hits the Kazakh Construction Industry,” http://www.pmrpublications.com/
Today.kz, 2012, “Housing Deficit in Kazakhstan Reaches 100 Million Square Meters,” http://www.today.kz/ru/news/finance/2010-06-25/23580
Yearbook, 2007, “Summary Statistical Yearbook of Kazakhstan,” http://www.yearbook.com
Kazrealty, 2012, “Market,” http://www.kazrealty.kz/ru/market/
PMR Publications, 2007, “Value and Real Growth Rate of Construction Output in Kazakhstan,” http://www.pmrpublications.com/
PachecoOrdóñez, J., and Martínez, G., 2012, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 16(6), pp. 3559–3573. [CrossRef]
Feng, Y., 2004, “Thermal Design Standards for Energy Efficiency of Residential Buildings in Hot Summer/Cold Winter Zones,” Energy Build., 36, pp.1309–1312. [CrossRef]
Aksoy, U. T., and Inalli, M., 2006, “Impacts of Some Building Passive Design Parameters on Heating Demand for a Cold Region,” Build. Environ., 41, pp. 1742–1754. [CrossRef]
Szokolay, 2008, Introduction to Architectural Science: The Basis of Sustainable Design, Architectural Press, Oxford, UK.
Morrissey, J., Moore, T., and Horne, R. E., 2011, “Affordable Passive Solar Design in a Temperate Climate: An Experiment in Residential Building Orientation,” Renew. Energy, 36, pp. 568–577. [CrossRef]
Gupta, R., and Ralegaonkar, R. V., 2004, “Estimation of Beam Radiation for Optimal Orientation and Shape Decision of Buildings in India,” Arch. J. Inst. Eng. India85, pp. 27–32.
Florides, G. A., Tassou, S. A., Kalogirou, S. A., and Wrobel, L. C., 2002, “Measures Used to Lower Building Energy Consumption and Their Cost Effectiveness,” Appl. Energy, 73, pp. 299–328. [CrossRef]
Manio˘glu, G., and Yilmaz, Z., 2006, “Economic Evaluation of the Building Envelope and Operation Period of Heating System in Terms of Thermal Comfort,” Energy Build., 38, pp. 266–272. [CrossRef]
Radhi, H., 2008, “A Systematic Methodology for Optimising the Energy Performance of Buildings in Bahrain,” Energy Build., 40, pp. 1297–1303. [CrossRef]
Mingfang, T., 2002, “Solar Control for Buildings,” Build. Environ., 37, pp. 659–664. [CrossRef]
Tzempelikos, A., and Athienitis, A. K., 2007, “The Impact of Shading Design and Control on Building Cooling and Lighting Demand,” Sol. Energy, 81, pp. 369–382. [CrossRef]
Jinghua, Y., Changzhi, Y., and Liwei, T., 2008, “Low-Energy Envelope Design of Residential Building in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zone in China,” Energy Build., 40, pp. 1536–1546. [CrossRef]
Design Builder, 2012, http://www.designbuilder.co.uk
Profinance.kz, 2011, “New Construction Projects are Expected in 2011,” http://profinance.kz/news/articles/24724-novye-proekty-po-seme-dolevogo-stroitelstva.html
Construction Climatology, 2011, “Construction Norms and Regulations of Kazakhstan (CNRK) 2.04-01-2010,” (СНиПРК 2.04-01-2010), Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Pogoda.ru, 2012, “Climate of Astana,” http://www.pogoda.ru.net/climate/35188.htm
CNRK 2.04-03-2002, 2002, “Construction Heat Engineering,” Astana, Kazakhstan.
Construction Norms of Kazakhstan (CNK) 2.04-21-2004*, 2006, “Energy Consumption and Thermal Protection of Residential (Civil) Buildings,” Astana, Kazakhstan.
Hong Kong Building Authority, 1995, “Code for OTTV in Buildings,” Hong Kong.
Allen and Jano, 2001, Fundamentals of Building Construction; Materials and Methods, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, pp. 230.
AnasZafirol and Al-Hafzan, 2010, “Energy Efficiency Towards Building Envelope an Analysis Study Between Main Library of University of Malaya Building and Library of UiTM Perak Building,” Int. J. Environ. Sci. Develop. 1(2), pp. 208–213.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Air temperature in Astana over a year

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Wind roses of Astana

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Kazakhstan, Astana (51 deg 10′ 52″ N/71 deg 25′ 40″ E) [10], Ref. [25]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Results of OTTV calculations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Building configuration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Orientation versus total site energy per year

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Orientation versus total site energy per year

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Orientation versus total site energy per year

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Orientation versus total site energy per year

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Specific heating energy demand value versus facade orientation of the building

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In