0
Research Papers

Development of a Quick Dynamic Response Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm for Off-Grid System With Adaptive Switching (On–Off) Control of dc/dc Converter

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Averbukh

Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics,
Albert Katz International School of Desert Studies,
Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research,
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev,
Sede Boqer Campus, 84990 Israel

A. Uhananov

Shamoon College of Engineering,
SCE,
Basel/Bialik Sts, Beer-Sheva84100, Israel

R represents the inductor's resistance, equation series resistance of the panel and the load resistance, L and C represent the induction and capacitance of the boost circuit, accordingly.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. Manuscript received December 3, 2011; final manuscript received June 1, 2012; published online November 21, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Santiago Silvestre.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 135(2), 021003 (Nov 21, 2012) (7 pages) Paper No: SOL-11-1268; doi: 10.1115/1.4007852 History: Received December 03, 2011; Revised June 01, 2012

This paper presents a new approach of Adaptive Search Control Method to perform maximum power point tracking (MPPT) in solar panels (SP). The suggested approach adapts the operation point (current I and voltage V) of the solar panel so quickly that it tracks MPP under the harshest environmental conditions by incorporating a flexible switching in a Boost dc/dc converter, which connects the photovoltaic (PV) panel to the load. The usage of a flexible switching control increases the dynamic response of MPPT and the efficiency of tracking. A dedicated simulink (matlab) model was developed for validation of the proposed MPPT method which was verified through multiple simulation conditions. Based on these results, the prototype system for evaluating the suggested method was developed and assembled. This prototype was developed on the base of a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) family microcontroller unit with an external circuit for accurate voltage and current measurements. The technical characteristics of the developed system (efficiency and tracking speed) have been verified experimentally with a 100 W c-Si solar panel under various environmental conditions. The results of measured and estimated MPPT efficiency were represented.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kalogirou, S. A., 2009, “Photovoltaic Systems,” Solar Energy Engineering, Academic Press, Boston.
Tse, K. K., Ho, M. T., Chung, H. S., and Hui, S. Y., 2002, “A Novel Maximum Power Point Tracker for PV Panels Using Switching Frequency Modulation,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 17(6), pp. 980–989. [CrossRef]
Salas, V., Olías, E., Barrado, A., and Lázaro, A., 2006, “Review of the Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Systems,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 90(11), pp. 1555–1578. [CrossRef]
Valentini, M., Raducu, A., Sera, D., and Teodorescu, R., 2008, “PV Inverter Test Setup for European Efficiency, Static and Dynamic MPPT Efficiency Evaluation,” 11th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM 2008), Brasov, Romania, May 22–24. [CrossRef]
Ries, H., Gordon, J. M., Lasken, M., 1997, “High-Flux Photovoltaic Solar Concentrators With Kaleidoscope-Based Optical Designs,” Sol. Energy, 60(1), pp. 11–16. [CrossRef]
Jewell, W., and Ramakumar, R., 1987, “The Effects of Moving Clouds of Electric Utilities With Dispersed Photovoltaic Generation,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., EC-2(4), pp. 570–576. [CrossRef]
International Electrotechnical Commission, 1999, “Photovoltaic Systems-Power Conditioners—Procedure for Measuring Efficiency,” International Standard IEC 61683.
Hohm, D. P., and Ropp, M. E., 2000, “Comparative Study of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms Using an Experimental, Programmable, Maximum Power Point Tracking Test Bed,” Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Anchorage, AK, September 15–22. [CrossRef]
Patcharaprakiti, N., Premrudeepreechacharn, S., and Sriuthaisiriwong, Y., 2005, “Maximum Power Point Tracking Using Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Control for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System,” Renewable Energy, 30(11), pp. 1771–1788. [CrossRef]
Cabal, C., Alonso, C., Cid-Pastor, A., Estibals, B., Seguier, L., Leyva, R., Schweitz, G., and Alzieu, J., 2007, “Adaptive Digital MPPT Control for Photovoltaic Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Vigo, Spain, June 4–7. [CrossRef]
Hua, C., and Lin, J., 2003, “An On-Line MPPT Algorithm for Rapidly Changing Illuminations of Solar Arrays,” Renewable Energy, 28(7), pp. 1129–1142. [CrossRef]
Salas, V., Olías, E., Lázaro, A., and Barrado, A., 2005, “New Algorithm Using Only One Variable Measurement Applied to a Maximum Power Point Tracker,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 87(1-4), pp. 675–684. [CrossRef]
Hsieh, G.-C., Chen., H.-L., Chen, Y., Tsai, C.-M., and Shyu, S.-S., 2008, “Variable Frequency Controlled Incremental Conductance Derived MPPT Photovoltaic Stand-Along DC Bus System,” Twenty-Third Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC 2008), Austin, TX, February 24–28. [CrossRef]
Enrique, J. M., Andújar, J. M., and Bohórquez, M. A., 2010, “A Reliable, Fast and Low Cost Maximum Power Point Tracker for Photovoltaic Applications,” Sol. Energy, 84(1), pp. 79–89. [CrossRef]
Roy Chowdhury, S., and Saha, H., 2010, “Maximum Power Point Tracking of Partially Shaded Solar Photovoltaic Arrays,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 94(9), pp. 1441–1447. [CrossRef]
Snyman, D. B., and Enslin, R. J. H., 1993, “An Experimental Evaluation of MPPT Converter Topologies for PV Installations,” Renewable Energy, 3(8), pp. 841–848. [CrossRef]
Glasner, I., and Appelbaum, J., 1996, “Advantage of Boost vs. Buck Topology for Maximum Power Point Tracker in Photovoltaic Systems,” Nineteenth Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel, Jerusalem, November 5–6. [CrossRef]
Averbukh, M., Lineykin, S., and Kuperman, A., 2012, “Obtaining Small Photovoltaic Array Operational Curves for Arbitrary Cell Temperatures and Solar Irradiation Densities From Standard Conditions Data,” Prog. Photovoltaics: Res. Appl. (in press). [CrossRef]
Erickson, R. W., and Maksimovic, D., 2004, Fundamentals of Power Electronics, 2nd ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, pp. 539–563.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Solar panel's PV characteristic under constant temperature and varying irradiance

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Solar panel's PV characteristic under constant irradiance and varying temperature

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Flow chart of the suggested algorithm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The suggested block diagram of MPPT system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Simulation results for specific set of values of MPPT model and solar

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

(a) The graph of the total circuit losses added with the power drop of operating point under the MPP of solar panel as a function of coil inductance and (b) MPPT's simulation efficiency versus theoretical efficiency

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

(a) The adaption of output power of MPPT system compare to the input power (MPP) versus time, (b) ripples of solar panel output parameters during control process: power, voltage and current, and (c) searching response of MPPT system to step changing of solar irradiation: Panel's electrical power and load power during the time

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

The experimental prototype of MPPT board

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In