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Research Papers

Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Pt/TCG Counterelectrodes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

[+] Author and Article Information
Antigoni V. Katsanaki, Dimitris S. Tsoukleris

Institute of Physical Chemistry, NCSR “Demokritos,” Aghia Paraskevi Attikis, Athens 15310, Greece

Polycarpos Falaras

Institute of Physical Chemistry, NCSR “Demokritos,” Aghia Paraskevi Attikis, Athens 15310, Greecepapi@chem.demokritos.gr

Haido S. Karayianni

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Attikis, Athens 15772, Greece

Marie-Claude Bernard

UPR 15 du CNRS “LISE,” UPMC, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France

J. Sol. Energy Eng 130(4), 041008 (Sep 05, 2008) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2969805 History: Received November 26, 2007; Revised December 04, 2007; Published September 05, 2008

Transparent counter electrodes were prepared on transparent conductive glass (TCG) substrates from a hexachloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6) solution applying the thermal decomposition method in combination with the spin-coating deposition technique. The effect of the precursor concentration and the number of deposited platinum layers on the surface characteristics of the Pt films was examined, and the relation between those surface characteristics and the electrochemical properties of the corresponding modified Pt/TCG electrodes was defined. Four types of counterelectrodes were prepared, differing in the concentration of the H2PtCl6 solution (0.03M and 0.15M) and in the number of Pt layers (one or two Pt layers); their performance as counterelectrodes was evaluated after their incorporation into dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) employing a solid state redox electrolyte. The obtained results show that solar cells using counterelectrodes prepared from the 0.03MH2PtCl6 solution and consisting of two Pt layers (Pt032 electrode) exhibited the best performance characteristics (diffusion coefficient D*I3=1.58×105cm2s1, conversion efficiency η=2.16%, fill factor ff=62.14%, and short circuit photocurrent Isc=4.71mAcm2). The electrochemical behavior of the modified counterelectrodes is consistent with the surface characteristics of the Pt film that formed on the conductive glass substrate, which seems to be significantly affected by the adopted method and the adjusted experimental parameters (Pt concentration and number of Pt layers). Specifically, this type of electrodes beside their low roughness (Rq=11.5nm), also presents a high complexity (Df=2.3). As a result, for this kind of solid state DSSCs, the less rough but the more complex the Pt/TCG electrode surface, the higher the efficiency of the corresponding solar cells.

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Figures

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Figure 1

x-ray diffraction spectrum of the Pt sample

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Figure 2

Elemental analysis of the Pt031 (Pt/TCG) sample

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Figure 3

SEM images of the four Pt/TCG electrodes: (a) Pt031, (b) Pt032, (c) Pt15, and (d) Pt152

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Figure 4

2D AFM images of the four Pt/TCG electrodes: (a) Pt031, (b) Pt032, (c) Pt15, and (d) Pt152

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Figure 5

3D AFM images of the four Pt/TCG electrodes: (a) Pt031, (b) Pt032, (c) Pt15, and (d) Pt152

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Figure 6

Fractal and grain size analyses of (a) Pt031, (b) Pt032, (c) Pt151, and (d) Pt152

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Figure 7

Current density–voltage curves of the four different symmetric compact cells

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Figure 8

I-V curves for the corresponding dye-sensitized solar cells using different Pt counterelectrodes

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