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Technical Briefs

Central Receiver System Solar Power Plant Using Molten Salt as Heat Transfer Fluid

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Ignacio Ortega

 SENER, Severo Ochoa 4, P.T.M., Tres Cantos, 28760 Madrid, Spainignacio.obasagoiti@sener.es

J. Ignacio Burgaleta

 SENER, Avenida Zugazarte 56, Las Arenas, 48930 Vizcaya, Spainignacio.burgaleta@sener.es

Félix M. Téllez

 CIEMAT, Avenida Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid, Spainfelix.tellez@ciemat.es

J. Sol. Energy Eng 130(2), 024501 (Feb 12, 2008) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2807210 History: Received October 31, 2006; Revised September 12, 2007; Published February 12, 2008

Of all the technologies being developed for solar thermal power generation, central receiver systems (CRSs) are able to work at the highest temperatures and to achieve higher efficiencies in electricity production. The combination of this concept and the choice of molten salts as the heat transfer fluid, in both the receiver and heat storage, enables solar collection to be decoupled from electricity generation better than water∕steam systems, yielding high capacity factors with solar-only or low hybridization ratios. These advantages, along with the benefits of Spanish legislation on solar energy, moved SENER to promote the 17MWe Solar TRES plant. It will be the first commercial CRS plant with molten-salt storage and will help consolidate this technology for future higher-capacity plants. This paper describes the basic concept developed in this demonstration project, reviewing the experience accumulated in the previous Solar TWO project, and present design innovations, as a consequence of the development work performed by SENER and CIEMAT and of the technical conditions imposed by Spanish legislation on solar thermal power generation.

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Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Solar TWO molten-salt power tower system (schematic diagram)

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Figure 2

SENER heliostat and drive mechanism (detail)

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Figure 3

Solar TRES flow schematic

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Figure 4

Solar TRES 3D view (SENSOL output)

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Figure 5

Solar TRES power dispatch capacity

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Figure 6

Solar TRES sensitivity analysis (heliostat∕turbine power∕energy cost)

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