Scale up of a Solar Reactor for Fullerene and Nanotube Synthesis

[+] Author and Article Information
Tony Guillard, Gilles Flamant, Jean-François Robert, Bruno Rivoire, Joseph Giral

Institut de Science et de Génie des Matériaux et Procédés, IMP-CNRS, BP 5, Odeillo, 66125 FONT ROMEU cedex 5, France

Daniel Laplaze

Groupe de Dynamique des Phases Condensées, Université Montpellier II, Place E. Bataillon, 34095 MONTPELLIER cedex 05, France

J. Sol. Energy Eng 124(1), 22-27 (Mar 01, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1434263 History: Received October 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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Vaporization rate of graphite as a function of target temperature with the “2 kW solar furnace” (P=250 hPa), from 17
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Power density distribution at the focus of the 2 kW and 1000 kW Odeillo solar furnaces
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Scheme of the solar reactor for large-scale synthesis of fullerenes (and nanotubes)
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Comparison of measured and calculated temperature distribution along the graphite target. Solar power density: 5000 kW/m2; Dots: measurements; Dashed line: accounting for direct solar side-contribution; bold line: without direct solar side-contribution.
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Vaporization mass flux as a function of target surface temperature (50 kW solar reactor)
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Fullerene yield as a function of incident solar power density (50 kW solar reactor)




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