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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Global Surface Solar Energy Anomalies Including El Niño and La Niña Years*

[+] Author and Article Information
C. H. Whitlock, D. E. Brown, W. S. Chandler, R. C. DiPasquale, Nancy A. Ritchey

Science Applications International Corp., One Enterprise Parkway, Suite 300, Hampton, VA 23666-5845

Shashi K. Gupta, Anne C. Wilber

Analytical Services & Materials, Inc., One Enterprise Parkway, Suite 300, Hampton, VA 23666-5845

David P. Kratz, Paul W. Stackhouse

NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681-0001

J. Sol. Energy Eng 123(3), 211-215 (Feb 01, 2001) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1384570 History: Received October 01, 2000; Revised February 01, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Release 3 SSE data can be obtained from 〈http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse〉.
ISCCP data can be obtained through 〈http://isccp.giss.nasa.gov〉 and/or 〈http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov〉.
GEOS data can be obtained from 〈http://dao.gsfc.nasa.gov〉.
RETScreen™ data can be obtained from 〈http://retscreen.gc.ca〉.
Darnell, W. L., Staylor, W. F., Ritchey, N. A., Gupta, S. K., and Wilber, A. C., 1996, “Surface Radiation Budget: A Long-Term Global Dataset of Shortwave and Longwave Fluxes,” American Geophysical Union, 〈http://www.agu.org/eos_elec/95206e.html〉.
Gupta,  S. K., Ritchey,  N. A., Wilber,  A. C. , Whitlock,  C. H., Gibson,  G. G., and Stackhouse,  P. W., 1999, “A Climatology of Surface Radiation Budget Derived From Satellite Data” J. Clim., 12, pp. 2691–2710.
Whitlock,  C. H., Charlock,  T. P., Staylor,  W. F., Pinker,  R. T., Laszlo,  I., Ohmura,  A., Gilgen,  H., Konzelmann,  T., DiPasquale,  R. C., Moats,  C. D., Le Croy,  S. R., and Ritchey,  N. A., 1995, “First Global WCRP Surface Radiation Budget Data Set,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 76, pp. 905–922.
WRDC data can be obtained from 〈http://wrdc-mgo.nrel.gov〉.
Whitlock, C. H., Brown, D. E., Chandler, W. S., DiPasquale, R. C., Meloche, N., Leng, G. J., Gupta, S. K., Wilber, A. C., Ritchey, N. A., Carlson, A. B., Kratz, D. P., and Stackhouse, P. W., 2000, “Release 3 NASA Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Data Set for Renewable Energy Use,” Proc., Rise and Shine 2000, the 26th Annual Conf. of the Solar Energy Society of Canada Inc. and Solar Nova Scotia, October 21-24, Halifax, Canada, 〈http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Technology/RS2000/papers/0621-06/〉.
El Niño and La Niña background information can be obtained from 〈http://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu/climate/dictionary/enso/impacts.html〉, 〈http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el-nino-story.html〉, 〈http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/la-nina-story.html〉, and 〈http://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu/climate/dictionary/enso/ensoevent.html〉.
Near-real-time status of El Niño and La Niña indicators can be obtained at 〈http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/gif/daily/soi_110w_80.gif〉.
Forecasts of oncoming events can be obtained at 〈http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el nino/forecasts.html〉.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Time histories of Southern Oscillation Index and equatorial water temperature deviation at 110 deg West
Grahic Jump Location
(a) January deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average; (b) March deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average.
Grahic Jump Location
(c) May deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average; (d) July deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average.
Grahic Jump Location
(e) September deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average; (f) November deficit and excess insolation relative to 10-yr average.

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