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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Experimental and Computational Investigations of Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Canisters

[+] Author and Article Information
Mounir Ibrahim, Pavel Sokolov

Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115

Thomas Kerslake, Carol Tolbert

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Sol. Energy Eng 122(4), 176-182 (Sep 01, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1330726 History: Received October 01, 1998; Revised September 01, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Yao,  L. S., and Prusa,  J., 1989, “Melting and Freezing,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 19, 1–95.
Beasley,  D. E., and Clark,  J. A., 1984, “Transient Response of a Packed Bed for Thermal Energy Storage,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 27, No. 9, pp. 1659–1669.
Beasley,  D. E., Ramanarayanan,  C., and Torab,  H., 1989, “Thermal Response of Packed Bed of Spheres containing a Phase-Change Material,” Int. J. Energy Research, 13, pp. 253–265.
Adebiyi,  G. A., 1990, “A Second-Law Study on Packed Bed Energy Storage Systems Utilizing Phase-Change Materials,” J. Solar Energy Eng., 113, pp. 146–156.
Kerslake,  T. W., and Ibrahim,  M. B., 1993, “Analysis of Thermal Energy Storage Material with Change-of-Phase Volumetric Effects,” J. Solar Energy Eng., 115, No. 1, pp. 22–31.
Kerslake,  T. W., and Ibrahim,  M. B., 1994, “Two-Dimensional Model of a Space Station Freedom Thermal Energy Storage Canister,” J. Solar Energy Eng., 116, No. 2, pp. 114–121.
Kerslake, T. W., 1991, “Experiments With Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Canisters For Space Station Freedom,” 26th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Boston, Mass., pp. 248–261 (see also NASA TM-104427).
Namkoong, D., Jacqmin, D., and Szaniszlo, A., 1995, “Effect of Microgravity on Material Undergoing Melting-Freezing-the TES Experiment,” 33rd Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, January 9–12, 1995.
Chai,  J. C., Lee,  H. S., and Patanker,  S. V., 1994, “Finite Volume Method for Radiation Heat Transfer” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 8, No. 3, pp. 419–425.
Wichner, R. P. et al., 1988, “Thermal Analysis of Heat Storage Canisters for a Solar Dynamic, Space Power System” ORNL/TM-10665.
Solomon, A. D. et al., 1986, “The Development of a Simulation Code for a Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System in a Space Station,” ORNL-6213.
Humphries, W. R., 1974, “Performance of Finned Thermal Capacitors,” NASA-TN-D-7690.
Szekeley,  J., and Chhabra,  P. S., 1970, “The Effect of Natural Convection on the Shape and Movement of the Melt-Solid Interface in the Controlled Solidification of Lead,” Metallurgical Trans., 1, pp. 1195–1203.
Chiesa,  F. M., and Guthrie,  R. I. L., 1974, “Natural Convection Heat Transfer Rates During Solidification and Melting of Metal and Alloy Systems,” J. Heat Transfer, 96, pp. 377–384.
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Wichner, R. P., 1987, “Thermal Radiation Transfer Through LiF,” Internal Correspondence, Martin Marietta Energy Systems Inc.
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Modest, M. F., 1993, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, Inc, New York.

Figures

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Ground experiments canister geometry
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TES flight experiments hardware schematic
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Geometry of the ground experiments with the void model
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Input and output power for the ground experiments
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Geometry of the space experiments with the void model
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Input and output power for the space experiments
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Computational canister temperature data with different computational grids for the ground experiments
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Experimental (symbols) and computational canister temperature data for the ground experiments, all cases
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Effect of natural convection on canister temperature for the ground experiments
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(a) Computational canister temperature contours, ground experiments, time=50 min., Case (1). (b) Computational canister temperature contours, ground experiments, time=50 min., Case (4).
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Experimental (symbols) and computational canister temperature data for the space experiments, all cases
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(a) Computational canister temperature contours, space experiments, time=76 min., Case (1). (b) Computational canister temperature contours, space experiments, time=76 min., Case (4).

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