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Technical Briefs

Concentrating Solar Power in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: A Review of Development Issues and Potential to 2050

[+] Author and Article Information
Robert Pitz-Paal

DLR, Porz-Wahnheide,Linder Hohe, 51147 Koln, Germanyrobert.pitz-paal@dlr.de

Amr Amin

Faculty of Engineering,  Helwan University, 8 Giza Street, Giza 12211, Egyptamrmaamin@yahoo.com

Marc Oliver Bettzuge

Institute of Energy Economics (EWI),  University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, D-50923 Cologne, GermanyBettzuege.Marc@uni-koeln.de

Philip Eames

 Loughborough University, Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology, Holywell Park, School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United KingdomP.C.Eames@lboro.ac.uk

Gilles Flamant

PROMES-CNRS, 7 rue du Four Solaire, Odeillo, 66120 Font Romeu, Francegilles.flamant@promes.cnrs.fr

Fabrizio Fabrizi

ENEA, ENEA—UTRINN—STD (Solar Thermodynamic Laboratory), Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italyfabrizio.fabrizi@enea.it

John Holmes

EASAC, Leopoldina, Postfach 110543, 06019 Halle (Saale), GermanyJholmes2@btinternet.com

Avi Kribus

School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,  Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israelkribus@tauex.tau.ac.il

Harry van der Laan

 Universities of Leiden and Utrecht, Schoener 18, 3961 KZ Wyk by Duurstede, Netherlandsvdlaan@astro.uu.nl

Cayetano Lopez

CIEMAT,Avda. Complutense, 40-28040 Madrid, Spaincayetano.lopez@ciemat.es

Francisco Garcia Novo

 University of Seville, C/San Fernando 4, 41004 Seville, Spainfgnovo@us.es

Panos Papagiannakopoulos

Department of Chemistry,  University of Crete, 710 03 Heraklion, Crete, Greecepanosp@chemistry.uoc.gr

Erik Pihl

Department of Energy and Environment,  Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg, Swedenpihle@chalmers.se

Paul Smith

Electricity Research Centre, School of Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering,  University College, Belfield, Dublin 4, Irelandpaul.f.smith@ucd.ie

Hermann-Josef Wagner

 Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germanylee@lee.rub.de

EASAC: www.easac.eu.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 134(2), 024501 (Apr 04, 2012) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4006390 History: Received January 30, 2012; Revised March 12, 2012; Published March 30, 2012; Online April 04, 2012

This paper summarizes the findings of a study undertaken by the European Academies Science Advisory Council to evaluate the development challenges of concentrating solar power (CSP) and its consequent potential to contribute to low carbon electricity systems in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (the MENA region) to 2050. The study reviewed the current status and prospective developments of the four main CSP technology families, and identified prospective technical developments, quantifying anticipated efficiency improvements and cost reductions. Similarly, developments in thermal energy storage were evaluated, and the role and value of CSP storage in electricity systems were examined. A key conclusion was that as the share of intermittent renewables in an electricity system increases, so does the value of thermal energy storage in CSP plants. Looking ahead, the study concludes that CSP should be cost competitive with fossil-fired power generation at some point in the 2020’s provided that commercial deployment continues at an increasing rate, and through support mechanisms that incentivise technology development. Incentive schemes should reflect the real value of electricity to the system, and should ensure sufficient transparency of cost data that learning rates can be monitored. Key factors which will determine CSP’s contribution in Europe and the MENA region over the period to 2050 are generating costs, physical constraints on construction of new plants and transmission, and considerations of security of supply. The study makes recommendations to European and MENA region policy makers on how the associated issues should be addressed.

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Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Maturity versus efficiency for CSP technology options

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 2

Cost reduction of CSP needed at variable fuel price to break even with fossil-fired power plants

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