Research Papers

A Local Thermal Nonequilibrium Analysis of Silicon Carbide Ceramic Foam as a Solar Volumetric Receiver

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Sano, S. Iwase

Department of Mechanical Engineering,  Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Japan

A. Nakayama

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Japan; School of Civil Engineering and Architecture,  Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, Hubei 430023, China

J. Sol. Energy Eng 134(2), 021006 (Feb 27, 2012) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4005758 History: Received August 30, 2011; Revised November 16, 2011; Published February 27, 2012; Online February 27, 2012

A volumetric solar receiver receives the concentrated radiation generated by a large number of heliostats. Heat transfer takes place from the receiver solid phase to the air as it passes through the porous receiver. Such combined heat transfer within the receiver, associated radiation, convection and conduction, are investigated using a local thermal nonequilibrium model. The Rosseland approximation is applied to account for the radiative heat transfer through the solar receiver, while the low Mach approximation is exploited to investigate the compressible flow through the receiver. Analytic solutions are obtained for the developments of air and ceramic temperatures as well as the pressure along the flow direction. The results show that the pore diameter must be larger than its critical value to achieve high receiver efficiency. Subsequently, there exists an optimal pore diameter for achieving the maximum receiver efficiency under the equal pumping power. The solutions serve as a useful tool for designing a novel volumetric solar receiver of silicon carbide ceramic foam.

Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Volumetric receiver

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Figure 2

Axial developments of the fluid and solid phase temperatures: Comparison of the present analysis and FEM analysis

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Figure 3

Pressure distribution

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Figure 4

Effects of the pore diameter on the receiver efficiency



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