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TECHNICAL PAPERS

What are the Required Conditions for Heavy Structure Buildings to be Thermally Effective in a Hot Humid Climate?

[+] Author and Article Information
Isaac G. Capeluto, Abraham Yezioro, Edna Shaviv

Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000-Israele-mail: arrguedi@tx.technion.ac.il

J. Sol. Energy Eng 126(3), 886-892 (Jul 19, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1755242 History: Received August 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online July 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Shaviv, E., 1988, “On the Determination of the Optimum Thermal Mass in the Mediterranean Climate,” in Energy and Buildings for Temperate Climates, E. O. Fernandes and S. Yannas, eds., Plea 88, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 385–390.
Balcomb, D., 1997, “Thermal Storage” in Solar Energy Houses: Strategies, Technologies, Examples, IEA, International Energy Agency, James & James, London, UK.
Kammerud,  R., Ceballos,  E., Curtis,  B., Place,  W., and Anderson,  B., 1984, “Ventilation Cooling of Residential Buildings,” ASHRAE Trans., 90, Part 1B.
Givoni, B., 1998, Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Santamouris, M., and Asimakopoulos, D. (eds.), 1996, “Passive Cooling of Buildings,” James & James (Science Publishers), London, UK
Shaviv,  E., Yezioro,  A., and Capeluto,  I. G., 2001, “Thermal Mass and Night Ventilation as Passive Cooling Design Strategy,” Renewable Energy, 24, Elsevier Sc. Ltd, pp. 445–452.
Andersen,  I., Brandemuehl,  M. J., 1992, “Heat Storage in Building Thermal Mass: A Parametric Study,” ASHRAE Trans., 98(1), pp. 910–918.
Braun,  J. E., Montgomery,  K. W., and Chaturvedi,  N., 2001, “Evaluating the Performance of Building Thermal Mass Control Strategies,” HVAC&R Res., 7(4), pp. 403–428.
Shaviv, E., 1989, “The Influence of the Thermal Mass on the Thermal Performance of Buildings in Summer and Winter,” in Science & Technology at the Service of Architecture, Steemers T. C. and Palz W. eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 470–472.
Shaviv, E., Yezioro, A., and Capeluto, I. G., 1996, “ Climatic and Energy Aspects of Urban Design in Hot-Humid Region of Israel,” Part I: Principles for Climatic and Energy Design in a Hot-humid Climate and Determination of Design Strategies. Technion Research & Development Foundation Ltd., No. 022-631-1, Sponsored by the Israel Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure (102 pages, in Hebrew).
Shaviv, E., Yezioro, A., Capeluto, I. G., Becker, R., and Warshavsky A., 2002, “Thermal Performance of Buildings and the Development of Guidelines for Energy Conscious Design,” The Technion Institute for Research and Development Foundation Ltd. (022-733). Sponsored by the Ministry of National Infrastructures (237 pages, in Hebrew).
Braun,  J. E., 1990, “Reducing Energy Costs and Peak Electrical Demand Through Optimal Control of Building Thermal Mass,” ASHRAE Trans., 96(2), pp. 876–888.
Rabl,  A., and Norford,  L. K., 1991, “Peak Load Reduction by Preconditioning Buildings at Night,” Int. J. Energy Res., 15, pp. 781–798.
Conniff,  J. P., 1991, “Strategies for Reducing Peak Air-conditioning Loads by Using Heat Storage in the Building Structure,” ASHRAE Trans., 97(1), pp. 704–709.
Milne, M., and Givoni, B., 1979, “Architectural Design Based on Climate,” in Energy Conservation Through Building Design, D. Watson, ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Shaviv, E., and Shaviv, G., 1977, “A Model for Predicting Thermal Performance of Buildings,” WP ASDM-8 report, Faculty of Architecture & Town Planning, Technion, Haifa.
Shaviv,  E., and Shaviv,  G., 1978, “Modeling the Thermal Performance of Buildings,” Build. Environ., 13, Pergamon Press Ltd., England, pp. 95–108.
Shaviv,  E., and Shaviv,  G., 1978, “Designing Buildings for Minimal Energy Consumption,” Comput.-Aided Des., 10(4), pp. 239–247.
Shaviv, E., 1979, “Building Design for Passive Energy Conservation,” PARC 79, Berlin, Germany, pp. 135–144.
Shaviv, E., 1988, “On the Optimum Design of Shading Devices for Windows,” in Energy and Buildings for Temperate Climates, E. O. Fernandes and S. Yannas, eds., Plea 88 Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 279–284.
Shaviv, E., and Capeluto, I. G. 1992, “Climatic and Energy Conscious Design Guidelines for Residential Buildings in Temperate-Cool and Hot-Humid Climate,” The S. Neeman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology, Technion IIT, Haifa, Israel, (in Hebrew).
Bitan, A., and Rubin S., 1991/94, “Climatic Atlas for Physical and Environmental Design in Israel,” Tel Aviv University, Ministry of Transportation and Ministry of Infrastructures, Israel.
Shapiro, Y., 1989, Thermal Comfort, in Design Handbook for Energy Conservation in Residential Buildings, D. Dvoskin and N. Granot, eds., Israel Ministry of Energy and Infrastructures (in Hebrew).

Figures

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Psychrometric-Bioclimatic Chart including the conditions for thermal mass cooling strategy (based on Givoni and Milne)
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Predicting the maximum indoor temperature in August in a residential building as a function of the thermal mass and night ventilation in different locations along the Mediterranean coastal plane
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Predicting the maximum indoor temperature in August in a residential building as a function of night ventilation and the thermal mass in different locations along the Mediterranean coastal plane of Israel
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The reduction in the maximum indoor temperature (ΔTmax,in), as a function of the relative humidity
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The reduction in the maximum indoor temperature (ΔTmax,in), as a function of the temperature swing of the site (ΔTout)
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The reduction in the maximum indoor temperature (ΔTmax,in), as a function of the temperature swing of the site (ΔTout) (left), and maximum relative humidity (RHmax) (right)
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Reduction in energy consumption during summer and winter as a function of thermal mass, in a well insulated 100 sqm apartment
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Reduction in total energy consumption of buildings as a function of the thermal mass
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The reduction in the maximum indoor temperature (ΔTmax,in) in the hot-humid climate of Israel, as a function of the temperature swing of the site (ΔTout)
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Psychrometric-Bioclimatic Chart proposed by Shapiro, for an air movement of 0.5-0.8 m/sec

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