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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Gas Turbine “Solarization”-Modifications for Solar/Fuel Hybrid Operation

[+] Author and Article Information
Uri Fisher, Chemi Sugarmen, Arik Ring, Joseph Sinai

ORMAT Industries, Ltd., P.O. Box 68, Yavne 81100, Israel

J. Sol. Energy Eng 126(3), 872-878 (Jul 19, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1763602 History: Received August 05, 2003; Revised April 22, 2004; Online July 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Lovegrove, K., and Luzzi, A., 2001, Solar Thermal Power Systems. Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology, 3rd Edition, Vol 15, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Kribus,  A., Doron,  P., Rubin,  R., Karni,  J., Reuven,  R., Duchan,  S., and Taragan,  E., 2000, “A Multistage Solar Receiver: The Route to High Temperature,” Sol. Energy, 67, pp. 3–11.
Davidson, W. S., et al., 1978, “Closed Brayton Cycle Advanced Central Receiver Solar Electric Power System,” Boeing Engineering and Construction Co., Report SAN/1726-1, Seattle, WA.
Kuo, S. C., 1983, “Large Gas Turbine Modifications for Solar Fossil Hybrid Operation,” EPRI Report AP-1348-8.
Roberts, R. B., 1979, “Application of the Centaur Industrial Gas Turbine to the Central Receiver Concept for Solar Electric Power,” ASME 79-GT-45.
Roberts, R. B., 1982, “Centaur Gas Turbine Modifications for Solar-Fossil Hybrid Operation,” Solar Turbines Incorporated, EPRI Report AP-2550, San Diego CA.
Fisher, U., Erez, A., Drubka, R. B., and Karni, J., 1997, “High Concentration Hybrid Solar Central Receiver Power Plant,” Eight Sde-Boker Symposium on Solar Electricity Production, Sede Boker, Israel.
Yogev, A., Fisher, U., Erez, A., and Blackmon, J., 1999, “High Temperature Solar Energy Conversion Systems,” ISES Solar World Congress, Jerusalem, Israel.
Karni,  J., Kribus,  A., Rubin,  R., and Doron,  P., 1998, “The Porcupine: A Novel High-Flux Absorber for Volumetric Solar Receivers,” J. Sol. Energy Eng., 120, pp. 85–95.
Buck,  R., Brauning,  T., Denk,  T., Pfander,  M., Schwarzbozl,  P., and Tellez,  F., 2002, “Solar-Hybrid Gas Turbine-Based Power Tower Systems (REFOS),” J. Sol. Energy Eng., 124, pp. 2–9.
Kribus,  A., Doron,  P., Rubin,  R., Reuven,  R., Taragan,  E., Duchan,  S., and Karni,  J., 2001, “Performance of the Directly-Irradiated Annular Pressurized Receiver (DIAPR) Operating at 20 bar and 1,200°C,” J. Sol. Energy Eng., 123, pp. 10–17.
Buck, R., Sugarmen, C., Ring, A., Heller, P., Tellez, F., and Enrile, J., 2003, “Solar-Hybrid Gas Turbine Power Plants Test Results and Market Perspective,” ISES conference Goteborg, Sweden.
Elmegaad, B., Henriksen, U., and Qvale, B., 2002, “Thermodynamic Analysis of Supplementary-Fired Gas Turbine Cycles,” ECOS 2002, Berlin, Germany.
Ragland,  K. W., Misra,  M. K., Aerts,  D. J., and Palmer,  C. A., 1995, “Ash Deposition in Wood-Fired Gas Turbine,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117, pp. 509.
Bronicki, L. Y., 1999, “An Enabling Technology Opens the Way to Large Scale Use of Solar Energy,” ISES Solar World Congress, Jerusalem, Israel.
Becker, M., and Bohmer, M., 1989, GAST: The Gas Cooled Solar Tower Technology Program, Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG.
Pitz-Paal, R., and Jones, S., 1998, “A TRNSYS Model Library for Solar Electric Components (STEC),” SolarPACES Technical Report No. III-4/98, Köln, Germany.
Schwarzbozl, P., Schmitz, M., Pitz-Paal, R., and Buck, R., 2002, “Analysis of Solar Gas Turbine Systems with Pressurized Air Receivers (REFOS),” 11th SolarPACES Int. Symposium on Concentrated Solar Power and Chemical Energy Technologies, Zurich, Switzerland, Steinfeld, A., (Ed.), pp. 91–100.
Sugarmen, C., Ring, A., Buck, R., Uhlig, R., Beuter, M., Marcos, M. J., and Fernandez, V., 2002, “Solar-Hybrid Gas Turbine Power System,” 11th SolarPACES Int. Symposium on Concentrated Solar Power and Chemical Energy Technologies, Zurich, Switzerland, Steinfeld A. (Ed.), pp. 101–108.

Figures

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Beam Down reflector at the Weizman Institute of Science
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Direct aiming solar field at Almerı́a, Spain
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Solar-hybrid power system layout
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SOLGATE turbine-Power vs. additional pressure loss downstream the compressor
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New Combustion Camber, liner, seal & cold air nozzles
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SOLGATE system setup at the PSA test bed exchanger and nitrogen battery
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Test set up at ORMAT with 3 m2 airside volume, heat
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ORMAT Solar Turbine 3 Power Skid
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Scheme of Brayton solar/fuel hybrid cycle
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Typical test day at design conditions
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Performance on-line diagrams.
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PGT10 with 2 receivers heating air to 800°C and 3 receivers heating air to 1000°C.

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