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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Dynamic Simulation of a Wind Farm With Variable-Speed Wind Turbines

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Muljadi, C. P. Butterfield

National Wind Technology Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Coloradoe-mail: eduard muljadi@nrel.gov

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(4), 410-417 (Nov 26, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1621674 History: Received December 20, 2002; Revised June 26, 2003; Online November 26, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Wan, Y., and Bucaneg, D., 2002, “Short-term Power Fluctuations of Large Wind Power Plants,” A Collection of the 2002 ASME Wind Energy Symposium Technical Papers Presented at the 39th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, January 14–17.
Wind, G. E., Brochure for 750i kW Series http://www.gepower.com/wind/en_us/ge_wind_energy/brochures/gewe-750brochure.pdf
Smith, J. W., and Brooks, D. L., 2001, “Voltage Impacts of Distributed Wind Generation on Rural Distribution Feeders,” Proceedings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society Transmission and Distribution Conference, v.1, 2001 Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition IEEE/PES 2001, Oct. 28–Nov. 2, Atlanta, GA, pp. 492–497.
Muljadi, E., Butterfield, C. P., and Gevorgian, V., 2002, “The Impact of the Output Power Fluctuation of a Wind Farm on a Power Grid,” Conference Record, Third International Workshop on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Farms, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, April 11–12.
Thiringer,  T., Petru,  T., and Liljegren,  C., 2001, “Power Quality Impact of a Sea Located Hybrid WindPark,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 16(2), pp. 123–127.

Figures

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Map of the Lake Benton II wind farms layout
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A single line diagram of the power network from the wind farms to the infinite bus
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Input data to the simulated power network from DE wind farms: (a) real power; (b) reactive power
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Input data to the simulated power network from the FG wind: (a) real power; (b) reactive
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Per-phase voltage at the PCCDE
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Block diagram of overall real power control and pitch control in a VSWTG
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(a) The wind speed; (b) the rotor rpm of the generator
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(a) Power coefficient Cp; (b) real power generated by a VSWTG
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Phasor diagram of voltage and current of a wind turbine generator
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Block diagram of constant power-factor control
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Voltage at the PCC and the reactive power output of a VSWTG
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Block diagram of constant voltage operation of a VSWTG
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Per phase voltage at PCC and the power factor output of a VSWTG
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Reactive power output of a VSWTG with a voltage control
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Three groups of wind turbines are feeding the same transmission line at the PCC
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Wind speed measured (10 hs)
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Real power output of a wind farm: (a) simulated; (b) measured
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Statistical data comparison
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Wind farm reactive power

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