0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Design of State-Space-Based Control Algorithms for Wind Turbine Speed Regulation

[+] Author and Article Information
Alan D. Wright

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401e-mail: Alan_wright@nrel.gov

Mark J. Balas

Department of Aerospace Engineering Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 30309-0429e-mail: Mark.balas@colorado.edu

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(4), 386-395 (Nov 26, 2003) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1621673 History: Received July 26, 2002; Revised June 26, 2003; Online November 26, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Hinrichsen,  E. N., 1984, “Controls for Variable Pitch Wind Turbine Generators,” IEEE Trans. Power Appar. Syst., 103, pp. 886–892.
Barton, R. S., Bowler, C. E. J., and Piwko, R. J., 1979, “Control and Stabilization of the NASA/DOE MOD-1 Two Megawatt Wind Turbine Generator,” American Chemical Society, 101 , 325–330.
Mattson, S. E., 1984, “Modeling and Control of Large Horizontal Axis Wind Power Plants,” Ph.D. Thesis, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Automatic Control, Lund, Sweden.
Liebst,  B. S., 1983, “Pitch Control System for Large Scale Wind Turbines,” J. Energy, 7(2), pp. 182–192.
Steinbuch, M., 1989, “Dynamic Modeling and Robust Control of a Wind Energy Conversion System,” Ph.D. Thesis, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
Knudsen, T., Andersen, P., and Toffner-Clausen, S., 1997, “Comparing PI and Robust Pitch Controllers on a 400 kW Wind Turbine by Full-scale Tests,” Proc. European Wind Energy Conference, Dublin, Ireland, October, pp. 546–550.
Johnson,  C. D., 1976, “Theory of Disturbance Accommodating Controllers,” Advances in Control and Dynamic Systems, 12, pp. 387–489, C.T. Leondes, ed.
Balas, M. J., 1980, “Disturbance Accommodating Controllers for Distributed Parameter Systems: An Introduction,” J. of Interdisciplinary Modeling and Simulation, January.
Balas, M. J., 1990, “Active Control of Persistent Disturbances in Large Precision Aerospace Structures,” SPIE Cont., Orlando, Florida, April.
Stol, K., Rigney, B., and Balas, M., 2000, “Disturbance Accommodating Control of a Variable-Speed Turbine using a Symbolic Dynamics Structural Model,” Proceeding of the 2000 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, pp. 84–90.
Kane, T. R. and Levinson, D. A., 1985, Dynamics: Theory and Applications, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, NY, pp. 1–379.
Wilson, R. E., Walker, S. N., and Heh, P., 1999, “Technical and User’s Manual for the FAST Advanced Dynamics Code,” OSU/NREL Report 99-01, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Stol,  K., and Balas,  M., 2001, “Full-State Feedback Control of a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine: A Comparison of Periodic and Constant Gains,” J. Eng. Mech. Div., 123(4), pp. 319–326.
Balas, M. J., Lee, Y. J., and Kendall, L., 1998, “Disturbance Tracking Control Theory with Application to Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines,” Proceeding of the 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, pp. 95–99.
Buhl, M. L., Wright, A. D., and Pierce, K. G., 2001, “FAST Code Verification: A Comparison to ADAMS,” Proceeding of the 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, pp. 368–377.
Kelley, N. D. 1992, “Full Vector (3-D) Inflow Simulation in Natural and Wind Farm Environments Using an Expanded Version of the SNLWIND (Veers’) Turbulence Code,” NREL/TP-442-5225. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Diagram of control system
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of rotor aerodynamic torque versus blade pitch for various wind speeds
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of rotor aerodynamic torque versus wind speed for various pitch angles
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of simulated generator speed and blade pitch using DAC designed from one-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of actual and estimated wind speeds using DAC designed from one-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of simulated generator speed with and without drive train shaft torsion using DAC designed from one-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of generator speed and blade pitch during control using DAC designed from three-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of actual and estimated wind speeds using DAC designed from three-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of simulated generator speed with and without blade first flap using DAC designed from three-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of generator speed and blade pitch during control using DAC designed from five-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of actual and estimated wind speeds using DAC designed from five-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of blade tip flap displacement during control using DAC designed from five-state model
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of tower-top fore-aft deflection during control using DAC designed from five- and seven-State models
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of generator rotational speed excited by turbulent inflow, using DAC designed from five-state model at 18 m/s
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of estimated wind speed for case with turbulent inflow using DAC designed from five-state model at 18 m/s
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of blade symmetric flap tip displacement excited by turbulent inflow using DAC designed from five-state model at 18 m/s
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of shaft torque for case with turbulent inflow, using DAC designed from five-state model at 18 m/s
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of tower-top fore-aft deflection simulated with turbulent inflow for two different controllers
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of blade pitch rate simulated with turbulent inflow for the baseline case and reduced tower damping case
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of tower-top fore-aft deflection simulated with turbulent inflow for baseline case and reduced tower damping case
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of pitch rate simulated with turbulent inflow for baseline case and reduced drive-train torsion damping case
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of generator speed simulated with turbulent inflow for baseline case and reduced drive-train Torsion Damping Case

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In