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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Automated Proactive Techniques for Commissioning Air-Handling Units

[+] Author and Article Information
Srinivas Katipamula, Michael R. Brambley

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, K5-20, Richland, WA 99352

Larry Luskay

Portland Energy Conservation Inc., 1400 SW 5th Avenue Suite 700, Portland, OR 97201e-mail: lluska@peci.org

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(3), 282-291 (Aug 04, 2003) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1591800 History: Received November 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online August 04, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Portland Energy Conservation Inc. (PECI), 1997, Commissioning for Better Buildings In Oregon, Oregon Office of Energy, Salem, OR.
U.S. Department of Energy/PECI. 1998, Model Commissioning Plan and Guide Commissioning Specifications, Version 2.05, PECI, Portland, OR.
Claridge, D.E., Culp, C.H., Liu, M., Deng, S., Turner, W.D., and Haberl, J.S. 2000, “Campus-Wide Continuous CommissioningSM of University Buildings,” Proc. of ACEEE 2000 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Pacific Grove, CA, Aug. 20-25, pp. 3.101–3.112.
Katipamula, S., Pratt, R.G., and Brambley, M.R., 2003, “Methods for Automated and Continuous Commissioning of Building Systems,” in publication, PNWD-32-72, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
Katipamula, S., Pratt, R.G., and Braun, J., 2000, Building Systems Diagnostics and Predictive Maintenance, CRC Handbook of Heating Ventilation, and Air Conditioning, Jan F. Kreider (ed.), CRC Press, New York, NY.
Katipamula,  S., Pratt,  R.G., Chassin,  D.P., Taylor,  Z.T., Gowri,  K., and Brambley,  M.R., 1999, “Automated Fault Detection and Diagnostics for Outdoor-Air Ventilation Systems and Economizers: Methodology and Results from Field Testing,” ASHRAE Trans., 105(1), pp. 555–567.
Brambley,  M.R., Pratt,  R.G., Chassin,  D.P., and Katipamula,  S., 1998, “Automated Diagnostics for Outdoor Air Ventilation and Economizers,” ASHRAE J., 40(10), pp. 49–55.
Bushby, S.T, Castro, N.S., Schein, J., and House, J., 2002, Using the Virtual Cybernetic Building Testbed and FDD Test Shell for FDD Tool Development, NISTIR 6818. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.
Croarkin, C., and Tobias, P., (ed.), 2003, Engineering Statistics Handbook, Section 2.5.5, National Institute of Standards and Technology and SEMATECH, Available at http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/.

Figures

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Generic automated proactive commissioning process
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Schematic of a typical air-handling unit with sensors and controllers
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Basic operating sequence of an air-handling unit
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Overview of the passive part of the automated proactive commissioning process for an AHU (including economizer and ventilation operations)
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Decision tree to isolate the faulty temperature sensor
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Decision tree to check if the outdoor-air temperature sensor is biased and implement a temporary correction
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Overview of an online training and proactive commissioning process
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Overview of the process to develop a reference model to characterize the normal operation of an outdoor-air damper
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Relationship of the damper positions during normal operations
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Overview of the process to develop a reference model to characterize the outdoor-air damper stuck fully closed
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Decision tree to detect and diagnose outdoor-air damper faults

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