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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Continuous CommissioningSM of Building Energy Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Mingsheng Liu

Energy Systems Laboratory, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE 68182e-mail: mliu2@unl.edu

David E. Claridge, W. D. Turner

Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(3), 275-281 (Aug 04, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1592538 History: Received December 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online August 04, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

ASHRAE, 1996, “ASHRAE Guideline 1-1996: The HVAC Commissioning Process,” American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
Haasl, T., and Sharp, T., 1999, A Practical Guide for Commissioning Existing Buildings, Portland Energy Conservation, Inc., and Oak Ridge National Laboratory for U.S. DOE, ORNL/TM-1999/34.
Liu,  M., and Claridge,  D. E., 1998, “Use of Calibrated HVAC Models to Optimize System Operation,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 120, pp. 131–138.
Liu,  M., and Claridge,  D. E., 1999, “The Maximum Potential Energy Savings from Optimizing Cold and Hot Deck Reset Schedules for Dual Duct VAV Systems.” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 121, pp. 171–175.
Liu, M., Houcek, J., Athar, A., Reddy, A., and Claridge, D. E., 1994, “Identifying and Implementing Improved Operation and Maintenance Measures in Texas LoanSTAR Buildings,” ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Proceedings: Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance, 5 , American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC, pp. 153–165.
Claridge, D. E., Haberl, J., Liu, M., Houcek, J., and Athar, A., 1994, “Can You Achieve 150% of Predicted Retrofit Savings: Is It Time for Recommissioning?” ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency In Buildings Proceedings: Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance, 5 , American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC, pp. 73–87.
Liu,  M., Claridge,  D. E., and Turner,  W. D., 1999, “Improving Building Energy System Performance by Continuous Commissioning,” Energy Engineering, 96 (5), pp. 46–57.
Claridge, D. E., Culp, C. H., Liu, M., Deng, S., Turner, W. D., and Haberl, J. S., 2000, “Campus-Wide Continuous CommissioningSM of University Buildings,” Proc. of ACEEE 2000 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Pacific Grove, CA, Aug. 20–25, 3 , pp. 101–112.
Liu,  M., Veteto,  B., and Claridge,  D. E., 1999, “Rehabilitating a Thermal Storage System Through Commissioning,” ASHRAE Trans., 105(2), pp. 1134–1139.
Wei,  G., Liu,  M., Sakurai,  Y., Claridge,  D. E., and Turner,  W. D., 2002, “Practical Optimization of Full Storage Systems Operation,” ASHRAE Transactions-Research, 108(2), pp. 360–368.
IPMVP 2001. IPMVP Committee, International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings, Vol. 1, U.S. Dept. of Energy, DOE/GO-102001-1187.
ASHRAE, 2002, ASHRAE Guideline 14-2002: Measurement of Energy and Demand Savings, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
Claridge, D. E., Turner, W. D., Liu, M., Deng, S., Wei, G., Culp, C., Chen, H. and Cho, S. Y., 2002, “Is Commissioning Once Enough?” Solutions for Energy Security & Facility Management Challenges: Proc. of the 25th WEEC, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 9–11, pp. 29–36.
Liu, M., Claridge, D. E., and Turner, W. D., 2002, Continuous CommissioningSM Guidebook: Maximizing Building Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Federal Energy Management Program, U.S. Dept. of Energy.
Liu,  M., and Claridge,  D. E., 1999, “The Maximum Potential Energy Savings From Optimizing Cold and Hot Deck Reset Schedules for Dual Duct VAV Systems,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 121, pp. 171–175.
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Liu,  M., Zhu,  Y., Park,  B. Y., Claridge,  D. E., Feary,  D., and Gain,  J., 1999, “Air Flow Reduction to Improve Building Comfort and Reduce Building Energy Consumption,” ASHRAE Trans., 105(1), pp. 384–390.
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Liu,  M., Zhu,  Y., Claridge,  D. E., and White,  E., 1997, “Impacts of Static Pressure Set Level on the HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor Conditions,” ASHRAE Trans., 103(2), pp. 221–228.
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Liu, M., Abbas, M., Veteto, B., and Claridge, D. E., 1998, “Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules On Dual Duct VAV System-Application and Results,” Proc. of 11th Symp. on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Fort Worth, TX, pp. 153–160.
Liu,  M., 2002, “Variable Water Flow Pumping for Central Chilled Water Systems,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 124, pp. 300–304.
Liu,  M., and Claridge,  D. E., 1999, “Converting Dual Duct Constant Volume Systems to Variable Volume Systems Without Retrofitting the Terminal Boxes,” ASHRAE Trans., 105(1), pp. 66–70.
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Cui, Y., Liu, M., and Conger, K., “Optimal Airflow Control for Laboratory Air Handling Unit (LAHU) Systems,” Proc. of 13th Symp. on Improved Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Houston, TX, pp. 73–79.
Knebel, D. E., 1983, Simplified Energy Analysis Using the Modified Bin Method, ASHRAE, Atlanta, GA.

Figures

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Schematic of modified dual duct constant air volume systems
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Schematic diagram of the OAHU system
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Schematic diagram of LAHU systems
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Measured hourly heating and cooling energy consumption versus the ambient temperature
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Comparison of measured and the simulated optimal hourly heating and cooling energy consumption versus the ambient temperature
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Optimal cold deck reset schedules and the projected room relative humidity level
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Comparison of measured cooling energy consumption before CC, after CC, and the optimal projection
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Comparison of measured heating energy consumption before CC, after CC, and the optimal projection

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