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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Experiences With Using Solar Photovoltaics to Heat Domestic Water

[+] Author and Article Information
Brian P. Dougherty, A. Hunter Fanney

Heat Transfer and Alternative Energy Systems, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(2), 195-202 (May 08, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1562635 History: Received November 01, 2000; Revised December 01, 2002; Online May 08, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Fanney, A. H., and Dougherty, B. P., 1994, “Photovoltaic Solar Water Heating System,” United States Patent Number 5,293,447, Mar.
Fanney,  A. H., and Dougherty,  B. P., 1997, “Photovoltaic Solar Water Heating System,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 119, pp. 126–133.
Fanney,  A. H., and Dougherty,  B. P., 1997, “Field Performance of Photovoltaic Solar Water Heating Systems,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 119, pp. 265–272.
Fanney,  A. H., Dougherty,  B. P., and Richardson,  J. O., 2002, “Field Test of a Photovoltaic Water Heater,” ASHRAE Trans., 108(2), pp. 780–793.
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Williams, P. M., Klein, S. A., Beckman, W. A., and Mitchell, J. W., 1997 “Modeling Photovoltaic-Powered Solar Water Heating Systems Using TRNSYS,” Proc. of 1997 American Solar Energy Society, Washington, D.C., pp. 341–346.
Dunlop, J, P., Farhi, B. N., Post, H. N., Szaro, J. S., and Ventre, G. G., 2001, “Reducing the Costs of Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems,” Solar Energy 2001, Proc. of 2001 Int. Solar Energy Conf., Washington, D.C., ASME, pp. 249–256.
Sandia National Laboratories, 2000, “The Florida Photovoltaic Buildings Program,” Quarterly Highlights of Sandia’s Photovoltaic Program, 2 .
Sandia National Laboratories, 1996, “Photovoltaic Systems Assistance Center,” Quarterly Highlights of Sandia’s Photovoltaic Program, Fourth Quarter FY96.
Trace Engineering, 2000, “Grid Tie Price List,” PN#974-008001-01, Rev. A, 2 pages, May, http://www. traceengineering.com/documents_depot/products/suntie.html.
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Anon., 2000, New Trace Sun Tie Inverters Garner California Energy Agency Certification, Solar & Renewable Energy Outlook, S. Rizer, ed., KLA Publishing Group, Springfield, VA, 26 (13), pp. 145–146.
Leyden, T., 2001, private communication, January 9, PowerLight Corp.
Siemens Solar Industries, 1999, Siemens Solar Product Catalog, August.
Trace Engineering, 2000, “Field Performance Summary Report: Sun Tie—ST Series,” Doc. No. 960-0010-01-01 Rev. A, p. 5, July, 24, http://www.traceengineering.com/document_depot/products/suntie.html.
Gonzalez, S., Bonn. R., and Ginn, J., 2000, “Removing Barriers to Utility Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters,” Proc. of 28th IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conf., pp. 1691–1694.
U.S. Department of Commerce-Bureau of the Census, 1998, “Current Industrial Reports for Major Household Appliances—1997 (MA36F),” (published August 1998, revised September 1998), http://www.census.gov/industry/ma36f97.txt.
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ANSI, 1997, “U.S. Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement,” ANSI/NCSL Z540-2-1997.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Single-tank PVWH schematic
Grahic Jump Location
Current versus voltage curves showing how the resistive load must change to operate at the maximum power point
Grahic Jump Location
PV heating element assemblies: The three-cartridge assembly (upper) and the 3-in-1 assembly (lower)
Grahic Jump Location
Alternative single-tank configuration

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