0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Using a Concentrating Solar Reactor to Produce Hydrogen and Carbon Black via Thermal Decomposition of Natural Gas: Feasibility and Economics

[+] Author and Article Information
Pamela L. Spath, Wade A. Amos

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(2), 159-164 (May 08, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1565083 History: Received June 01, 2002; Revised January 01, 2003; Online May 08, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Renewable Resource Data Center, 2001, Hourly Data Files Derived From the National Solar Radiation Data Base, December, http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/hourly/.
SRI International, 1994, “Options for Refinery Hydrogen,” Report No. 212, Menlo Park, CA.
Dahl,  J. K., Barocas,  V. H., Clough,  D. E., and Weimer,  A. W., 2002, “Intrinsic Kinetics for Rapid Decomposition of Methane in an Aerosol Flow Reactor,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 27(4), pp. 377–386.
Lewandowski, A., 2001, Personal correspondence, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401.
Jones, S., 2001, Personal correspondence, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.
Energy Information Administration’s U.S. Electric Power Industry Summary Statistics, 2000.
Chemical Marketing Reporter, 2001, Price Quote of Carbon Black, Fast Extruding (N550), January.
EIA., 2001, “Table 23. Average Price of Natural Gas Sold to Industrial Consumers by State,” Energy Information Administration’s Natural Gas Monthly, Jan. 2001.
U.S. Department of Energy, 1997, “Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations,” Office of Utility Technologies, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Washington, D.C., TR-109496.
SRI International, 2001, “Chemical Economics Handbook,” Hydrogen, Menlo Park, CA, Report No. 743.5000.
Spath, P. L., and Mann, M. K., 2000, “Life Cycle Assessment of Hydrogen Production via Natural Gas Steam Reforming,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, TP-570-27637.
Amos, W. A., 1998, “Costs of Storing and Transporting Hydrogen,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, TP-570-25106.
SRI International, 1999, “Chemical Economics Handbook,” Carbon Black, Menlo Park, CA, Report No. 731.3000.
Houghton, J. T., Meira Filho, L. G., Callander, B. A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., and Maskell, K., eds., 1996, Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change, Published for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Spath, P. L., and Amos, W. A., (2001), Assessment of Natural Gas Splitting with a Concentrating Solar Reactor for Hydrogen Production. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, TP-510-31949.
Russell, D., (January 2002). Personal correspondence, Carbon Black Distributor, Mozel, Inc., St. Louis, Mo.
Hamilton, P., (January 2002), Personal correspondence, Cabot Corp., Riverside, CA.
Lane, J. M., and Spath, P. L. (2001). Technoeconomic Analysis of the Thermocatalytic Decomposition of Natural Gas, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, TP-510-31351.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Block flow diagram of hydrogen production process
Grahic Jump Location
H2 production rate versus temperature for a fixed conversion
Grahic Jump Location
Methane flow rate versus reactor wall temperature to achieve 70% conversion
Grahic Jump Location
Reactor power versus wall temperature to achieve 70% conversion
Grahic Jump Location
H2 production rate versus solar irradiance to achieve 70% conversion
Grahic Jump Location
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Energy Balance
Grahic Jump Location
H2 selling price versus carbon price for heliostat size of 8750 m2

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In