0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Dish-Stirling Systems: An Overview of Development and Status

[+] Author and Article Information
Thomas Mancini

Solar Thermal Technology Department, Sandia National Laboratories, P. O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0703e-mail: trmanci@sandia.gov

Peter Heller

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt, Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Aptdo.39, E-04200 Tabernas, Spaine-mail: peter.heller@psa.es

Barry Butler

Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA

Bruce Osborn

Stirling Energy Systems, Phoenix, AZ

Wolfgang Schiel

Schlaich-Bergermann und Partner, Stuttgart, Germany

Vernon Goldberg

WGAssociates, Dallas, TX

Reiner Buck

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt, Stuttgart, Germany

Richard Diver, Charles Andraka, James Moreno

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(2), 135-151 (May 08, 2003) (17 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1562634 History: Received June 01, 2002; Revised October 01, 2002; Online May 08, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

EPRI Report, 1986, “Performance of the Vanguard Solar Dish-Stirling Engine Module,” Electric Power Research Institute, AP 4608, Project 2003-5.
Mancini,  T. R., Kolb,  G. J., and Chavez,  J. M., 1994, “Solar Thermal Power Today and Tomorrow,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 116(8), pp. 74–79.
Cohen, G. E., Kearney, D. W., and Kolb, G. J., 1999, “Final Report on the Operation and Maintenance Improvement Program for Concentrating Solar Power Plants,” Sandia National Laboratories Report, SAND 99-1290.
Zavoico, A. B., Gould, W. R., Kelly, B. D., and Grimaldi, I. P., 2001, “Solar Power Tower (SPT) Design Innovations to Improve Reliability and Performance—Reducing Technical Risk and Cost,” ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf., Solar Forum 2001, Solar Energy: The Power to Choose, Washington, D.C.
Nevada 1-MW Solar Dish-Engine Project, 2002, Notice of Solicitation for Financial Assistance Applications, Number DE-RP04-02AL67763, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque, Operations Office. (scheduled for release in May 2002).
Stine, W., and Diver, R., 1994, “A Compendium of Solar Dish/Stirling Technology,” SAND 93-7026, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.
Stine, W., 1993 “An International Survey of Parabolic Dish/Stirling Engine Electrical Power Generation Technology,” Solar Engineering, Proc. of ASME/ASES Joint Solar Energy Conf., Washington, D.C.
Jaffe,  L. D., 1988, “A Review of Test Results on Solar Thermal Power Modules with Dish-Mounted Stirling and Brayton Cycle Engines,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 110(4), pp. 268–274.
Koshaim, B., 1986, “Report: Fifty KW Solar Membrane Concentrator,” The SOLERAS Program, Saudi Arabian National Center for Science and Technology.
Lopez, C., and Stone, K., 1992, “Design and Performance of the Southern California Edison Stirling Dish,” Solar Engineering, Proc. of ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf., Maui, HI, (ISBN 0-7918-762-2), pp. 945–952.
Lopez, C., and Stone, K., 1993, “Performance of the Southern California Edison Company Stirling Dish,” SAND93-7098, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.
Gallup, D., and Mancini, T., 1994, “The Utility-Scale Joint-Venture Program,” Proc. of 29th IECEC, Monterey, CA, (ISBN 1-56347-91-8), pp. 1703–1708.
Bean, J. R., and Diver, R. B., 1995, “Technical Status of the Dish/Stirling Joint Venture Program,” Proc. of 30th IECEC, Orlando, FL, pp. 2.497–2.504.
Andraka, C., Diver, R., Adkins, D., Rawlinson, S., Cordeiro, P., Dudley, V., and Moss, T., 1993, “Testing of Stirling Engine Solar Reflux Heat-Pipe Receivers,” Proc. of 28th Intersociety Energy Conversion Conf. (IECEC), Atlanta, GA, (ISBN 0-8412-2772-5), pp. 2⋅525–2⋅533.
Andraka, C., Adkins, D., Moss, T., Cole, H., and Andreas, N., 1995, “Felt-Metal-Wick Heat-Pipe Receiver,” Solar Engineering 1995, Proc. of ASME/JSME/JSES Int. Solar Energy Conf., Maui, HI, (ISBN 0-7918-1300-2), pp. 559–564.
Beninga, K., Davenport, R., Sellars, J., Smith, D., and Johansson, S., 1997, “Performance Results for the SAIC/STM Prototype Dish/Stirling System,” ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf., Washington, D.C., pp. 77–80.
Solar Thermal Utility-Scale Joint Venture Program (USJVP), 2001, Final Report, SANDIA Report SAND 2001-1081.
Davenport, R., Mayette, J., and Forristall, R., 2001, “The Salt River Project SunDish Dish/Stirling System,” ASME Solar Forum 2001, Washington, D.C.
Heller, P., Baumüller, A., and Schiel, W., 2000, “EuroDish—The Next Milestone to Decrease the Costs of Dish/Stirling System Towards Competitiveness,” 10th Int. Symp. on Solar Thermal Concentrating Technologies.
Schiel, W., Schweizer, A., and Stine W., 1994, “Evaluation of the 9-kW Dish/Stirling System of Schlaich Bergermann und Partner Using the Proposed IEA Dish/Stirling Performance Analysis Guidelines,” Proc. of 29th IECEC, Monterey, CA, pp. 1725–1729.
Baumüller, A., and Schiel, W., 1997, “Single Acting 10 kW Stirling Engine. Applications and Results,” 8th Int. Stirling Conf., Ancona, Italy.
Stone, K., Rodriguez, G., Paisley, J., Nguyen, J. P., Mancini, T. R., and Nelving, H., 2001, “Performance of the SES/Boeing Dish Stirling System,” Solar Energy: The Power to Choose, ASME/ASES/AIA/ASHRAE/SEIA, Washington, DC.
Stone, K., Leingang, E., Liden, R., Ellis, E., Sattar, T., Mancini, T. R., and Nelving, H., 2001, “SES/Boeing Dish Stirling System Operation,” Solar Energy: The Power to Choose, ASME/ASES/AIA/ASHRAE/SEIA, Washington, DC.
Diver, R. B., Moss, T. A., Goldberg, V., Thomas, G., and Beaudet, A., 1999, “Rolling Thunder—Integration of the SOLO 161 Stirling Engine with the CPG-460 Solar Concentrator at Ft. Huachuca,” J. Phys. IV.
Diver, R. B., and Grossman, J. W., 1999, “Sandwich Construction Solar Structural Facets,” Proc. of Renewable and Advanced Energy Systems for the 21st Century, ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf., Maui, HI.
Diver, R. B., Andraka, C. E., Rawlinson, K. S., Goldberg, V., and Thomas, G., 2001, “The Advanced Dish Development System Project,” Proc. of Solar Forum 2001: Solar Energy: The Power to Choose, Washington, D.C.
Andraka, C. E., Moreno, J. B., Moss, T. A., Johansson, S., Gallup, D. R., Cordeiro, P. G., Adkins, D. R., and Rawlinson, K. S., 1996, “Solar Heat Pipe Testing of the Stirling Thermal Motors 4-120 Stirling Engine,” SAND96-1424C, IECEC 1996 Washington D.C., pp. 1295–1300.
Adkins, D. R., Moss, T. A., Cole, H. M., Andreas, N. H., and Andraka, C. E., 1995 “An Examination of Metal Felt Wicks for Heat-Pipe Applications,” SAND94-0657C, Solar Engineering 1995, Proc. of ASME Solar Energy Division, Maui, HI, pp. 553–558.
Andraka, C. E., Moreno, J. B., Moss, T. A., Rawlinson, K. S., Showalter, S. K., and Adkins, D. R., 1999, “Heat Pipe Solar Receiver Development Activities at Sandia National Laboratories,” SAND99-0056C, ASME SED Conf., Maui, HI.
Moss, T. A., Moreno, J. B., Goods, S. H., Bradshaw, R. W., Adkins, D. R., and Andraka, C. E., 1996, “Mass Transport, Corrosion, Plugging, and Their Reduction In Solar Dish/Stirling Heat Pipe Receivers,” SAND96-1493C, IECEC 1996 Washington D.C., pp. 1307–1313.
Andraka, C. E., 1999, “Solar Heat-Pipe Receiver Wick Modeling,” 98-2836C, ASME SED Conf., Maui, Hl.
Moreno, J. B., Modesto-Beato, M., Rawlinson, K. S., Andraka, C. E., Showalter, S. K., Moss, T. A., Mehos, M., and Baturkin, V., 2001, “Recent Progress in Heat-Pipe Solar Receivers,” SAND2001-1079, 36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Savannah, GA, pp. 565–572.
Laing,  D., and Trabing,  C., 1997, “Second Generation Sodium Heat Pipe Receivers for USAB V-160 Stirling Engine: Evaluation of On-Sun Test Results Using the Proposed IEA Guidelines and Analysis of Heat Pipe Damage,” ASME J. Solar Energy Eng., 119(4), pp. 279–285.
Moreno, J., Rawlinson, K., Andraka, C., Mehos, M., Bohn, M., and Corey, J., 1999, “Dish/Stirling Hybrid-Receiver Sub-Scale Tests and Full-Scale Design,” 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf., Vancouver, BC.
Buck, R., Heller, P., and Koch, H., 1996, “Receiver Development for a Dish-Brayton System,” Proc. of ASME Int. Solar Energy Conf. (ISBN 0-7918-1765-2), pp. 85–90.
Doane, J. W., et al., 1976, “The Cost of Energy from Utility-Owned Solar Electric Systems: A Required Revenue Methodology for ERDA/EPRI Evaluations,” JPL 5040-29, ERDA/JPL-1012-76/3, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA.
Draft of the Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2002, United States Senate, Finance Committee, March 2002.
Holt, E., 2001, “Outlook for Green Power Markets,” 6th Natl. Green Power Marketing Conf., Portland, OR.
Eyer, J., and Ianucci, J., 1997, “Market Potential for Distributed Solar Dish Stirling Generation Systems in the Southwestern United States,” NREL.
U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Agency, Estimated U.S. Electric Utility Average Revenue per Kilowatthour to Ultimate Consumers by Sector, Census Division, and State, June 2001 and 2000, Washington, D.C.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Dish Stirling system components
Grahic Jump Location
SAIC system at the Salt River Project near Phoenix, Arizona
Grahic Jump Location
STM Power engine during on-sun operation
Grahic Jump Location
SAIC system waterfall chart
Grahic Jump Location
SAIC system net power output versus direct normal insolation
Grahic Jump Location
Two 10-kW SBP Eurodish prototypes at Plataforma Solar de Almerı́a, Spain
Grahic Jump Location
The 10-kW SOLO 161 engine and receiver
Grahic Jump Location
SBP system waterfall chart
Grahic Jump Location
SBP system net power output versus direct normal insolation
Grahic Jump Location
SES systems on test at Huntington Beach, California
Grahic Jump Location
Kockums 4-95 kinematic Stirling engine
Grahic Jump Location
SES system waterfall chart
Grahic Jump Location
SES system net power output versus direct normal insolation
Grahic Jump Location
WGA ADD systems, Mod 1 and Mod 2, on test at Sandia’s National Solar Thermal Test Facility
Grahic Jump Location
Waterfall chart for the Mod 1 ADD system. Power and efficiency for the SOLO 161 engine and solar receiver are estimates.
Grahic Jump Location
Mod 1 ADD system net power output versus direct normal insolation
Grahic Jump Location
BioDish hybrid receiver
Grahic Jump Location
DLR pressurized volumetric air receiver
Grahic Jump Location
Levelized energy cost versus O&M costs
Grahic Jump Location
Market Entry Path for Dish-Stirling systems

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In