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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Advanced Thermal Storage Fluids for Solar Parabolic Trough Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Luc Moens, Daniel M. Blake, Daniel L. Rudnicki, Mary Jane Hale

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(1), 112-116 (Jan 27, 2003) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1531644 History: Received April 01, 2002; Revised August 01, 2002; Online January 27, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

NREL, 2000, “Survey of Thermal Storage for Parabolic Trough Power Plants,” Pilkington Solar International, prepared for NREL, Subcontract No. AAR-9-29442-05.
Pacheco, J. E., Showalter, S., and Kolb, W., 2001 “Development of a Molten Salt Thermocline Thermal Storage System for Parabolic Trough Plants,” Solar Forum 2001, Washington, DC, April 21–25.
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Streitwieser, Jr., A., and Heathcock, C. H., 1981, Introduction to Organic Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Macmillan Publ. Co., Inc., New York.
Chan,  B. K. M., Chang,  N.-H., and Grimmett,  M. R., 1977, “The Synthesis and Thermolysis of Imidazole Quaternary Salts,” Aust. J. Chem., 30, p. 2005.
Ngo,  H. L., LeCompte,  K., Hargens,  L., and McEwen,  A. B., 2000, “Thermal Properties of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids,” Thermochim. Acta, 357–358, p. 97.
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McEwen,  A. B., Ngo,  H. L., LeCompte,  K., and Goldman,  J. L., 1999, “Electrochemical Properties of Imidazolium Salt Electrolytes for Electrochemical Capacitor Applications,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 146, p. 1687.
NREL, 2001, “Engineering Evaluation of a Molten Salt HTF in a Parabolic Trough Solar Field, Recommendations on Development Needs,” September 15, 2001, NREL Contract No. NAA-1-30441-04; Flabeg Solar International, Kearney and Associates, NREL, Nexant Inc., Sandia National Laboratories.
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Ebel, C., Koehler, H., Gamer, A. O., and Jackh, R., 2001, “Production of Imidazole and Derivatives,” Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts
Grahic Jump Location
Example of Hofmann degradation
Grahic Jump Location
Synthesis of ionic liquid [emimBF4]

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