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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Remote Solar, Wind, and Hybrid Solar/Wind Energy Systems for Purifying Water

[+] Author and Article Information
Brian D. Vick, R. Nolan Clark

USDA-ARS Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, P.O. Drawer 10, Bushland, TX 79012

Junyi Ling, Shitao Ling

West Texas A&M University, Alternative Energy Institute, Canyon, TX 79016

J. Sol. Energy Eng 125(1), 107-111 (Jan 27, 2003) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1531148 History: Received November 01, 2000; Revised August 01, 2002; Online January 27, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Brown, L. R., Flavin, C., and Kane, H., 1996, Vital Signs, W. W. Horton Publishers, New York, p. 31.
Rolla,  T. C., 1998, “Sun and Water: An Overview of Solar Water Treatment Devices,” J. Environ. Health, 60, pp. 30–32.
Burch, J., and Thomas, K. E., 1998, “An Overview of Water Disinfection in Developing Countries and the Potential for Solar Thermal Water Pasteurization,” NREL Paper No. TP-550-23110.
Anderson, R., 1996, “Solar Water Disinfection,” Proc. of Solar ’96, American Solar Energy Society Annual Conf., Asheville, NC, R. Campbell-Howe et al., eds., pp. 184–188.
www.Waterhealth.com, Water Health, International, Napa, CA.
Gipe, P., 1993, Wind Power for Home & Business, Chelsea Green Publishing Co., White River Junction, VT.
Vick,  B. D., and Clark,  R. N., 1996, “Performance of Wind-Electric and Solar-PV Water Pumping Systems for Watering Livestock,” Trans. ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 118, pp. 212–216.
Clark, R. N., and Vick, B. D., 1997, “Performance Comparison of Tracking and Non-Tracking Solar Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems,” 1997 ASAE Annual International Meeting, Paper No. 974002.
Vick, B. D., and Clark, R. N., 2002, “Solar-PV Water Pumping with Fixed and Passive Tracking Panels,” Proc. of Solar 2002, American Solar Energy Society Annual Conf., Reno, NV, R. Campbell-Howe, ed., CD-ROM.

Figures

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Schematic of UV water purification system
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Example of data collected on UV water purification system
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UV light intensity and flow rate remain constant despite changing battery voltage
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Conversion of wind speed to daily wind energy
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Measured average solar and wind energy at Bushland, Texas
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Measured charging current of 100-Watt solar PV system
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Measured charging current of 300-Watt wind turbine
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Linear approximation of measured charging current for all renewable energy systems tested
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Predicted daily water volume and run time of 100-Watt PV system with fixed and tracking panels
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Predicted daily water volume and run time of wind energy systems
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Predicted daily water volume and run-time of hybrid wind/solar systems tested

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