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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Analysis of the Structural and Inflow Data From the List Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
Herbert J. Sutherland

Sandia National Laboratories,* Albuquerque, NM 87185-0708

J. Sol. Energy Eng 124(4), 432-445 (Nov 08, 2002) (14 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1507763 History: Received February 01, 2002; Revised June 01, 2002; Online November 08, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Sutherland, H. J., Jones, P. L., and Neal, B., 2001, “The Long-Term Inflow and Structural Test Program,” 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symp., AIAA/ASME, p. 162.
Sutherland, H. J., 2001, “Preliminary Analysis of the Structural and Inflow Data From the LIST Turbine,” 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symp., AIAA/ASME, p. 173.
Sutherland, H. J., 2002, “Inflow and the Fatigue of the LIST Wind Turbine,” 2002 ASME Wind Energy Symp., AIAA/ASME, p. 427.
Madsen, P. H., Pierce, K., and Buhl, M. 1999, “Predicting Ultimate Loads for Wind Turbine Design,” 1999 ASME Wind Energy Symp., p. 355.
Sutherland, H. J., and Butterfield, C. P., 1994 “A Summary of the Workshop on Fatigue Life Methodologies for Wind Turbines,” Proc. of Windpower ’94, AWEA, Washington, DC, May, p. 279.
Glinou G. and Fragoulis, A. (eds.), 1996, Mounturb Final Report, 3 vols., JOU2-CT93-0378.
Jones, P. L., Sutherland, H. J., and Neal, B. A., 2001, “LIST/BMI Turbines, Instrumentation and Infrastructure,” SAND2001-1642, Sandia National Labs, Albuquerque, NM.
Tangler, J., 1999, private communication.
O’Gorman, C. C., and Simmermacher, T. W., 1999, “SERI Wind Turbine Blade (B3) Mass Properties Testing, Bushland, TX,” Internal SNL Memo, Sandia National Labs, Albuquerque, July 16.
Simmermacher, T., O’Gorman, C., Martin, W., and Lopez, F., 1999, “Modal Test of SERI-Blade B1,” Internal SNL Memo, Sandia National Labs, Albuquerque, NM, July 22.
Simmermacher, T., and Carne, T., 1999, “Tower Modal Survey,” Internal SNL Memo, Sandia National Labs, Albuquerque, NM, Dec 20.
Tangler, J., Smith, B., Kelley, N., and Jager, D., 1991, “Measured and Predicted Rotor Performance for the SERI Advanced Wind Turbine Blades,” Proc. of Windpower ’91, SERI/TP-253-4673, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO, p. 104.
Tangler, J., Smith, B., Jager, D., and Olsen, T., 1990, “Atmospheric Performance of the SERI Thin-Airfoil Family,” SERI/TP-257-3939, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO.
Tangler, J., Smith, B., Jager, D., McKenna, E., and Allread, J., 1989, “Atmospheric Performance Testing of the Special-Purpose SERI Thin Airfoil Family: Preliminary Results,” Proc. of Windpower ’89, SERI/TP-257-3628, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO, p. 115.
Berg, D., and Zayas, J., 2001, “Accurate Time-Linked Data Acquisition System Field Deployment and Operational Experience,” 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symp., AIAA/ASME, p. 153.
Rohatgi, J. S., and Nelson, V., 1994, Wind Characteristics, An Analysis for the Generation of Wind Power, Alternative Energy Institute, Canyon, TX.
Fragoulis, A. N., 1997, “The Complex Terrain Wind Environment and Its Effects on the Power Output and Loading of Wind Turbines,” 1997 ASME Wind Energy Symp., AIAA/ASME, p. 33.
Kelley, N. D., and McKenna, H. E., 1996, “The Evaluation of a Turbulent Loads Characterization System,” 1996 ASME Wind Energy Symp., ASME, pp. 69–77.
Kelley, N. D., Wright, A. D., Buhl Jr., M. L., and Tangler, J. L., 1997, “Long-Term Simulation of Turbulence-Induced Loads Using the SNL WINd-3D, FAST, YawDyn, and ADAMS Numerical Codes,” 1997 ASME Wind Energy Symp., ASME, p. 74.
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Figures

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Micon 65/13M turbine at the Bushland test site
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Schematic diagram of the inflow instrumentation for the LIST turbine
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Schematic diagram of the structural instrumentation for the LIST turbine
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Distribution of the 10-min data records by hub-height mean wind speed
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Typical horizontal wind speed data: a) First 100 sec of the data record, b) First 20 sec of the data record
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Typical horizontal wind speed direction: a) First 100 sec of the data record, b) First 20 sec of the data record
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Typical vertical wind speed
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Instantaneous Reynolds stress for the horizontal and vertical velocity components
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Horizontal wind speed from the bottom to the top of the rotor
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Horizontal wind speed across the rotor disk at hub height
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Edge-bending moment in the root of blade 1: a) First 10 sec of the data record, b) First 50 sec of the data record
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Flap-bending moment in the root of blade 2: a) First 10 sec of the data record, b) First 50 sec of the data record
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Typical power data for Turbines B and C
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Power curve for the three micon 65/13M turbines at the Bushland site
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Power coefficient for the three micon 65/13M turbines at the Bushland site
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Azimuth averaged edge-bending moment: a) Root edge-bending moment in Blade 1, b) Blade edge-bending moment in Blades 2 and 3, 40% span
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Power spectral density for blade root bending moments: a) Root edge-bending moment, b) Root flap-bending moment
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Fatigue load spectrum for bin class 5 wind speeds: a) Edge-bending in the root of Blade 1, b) Flap-bending in the root of Blade 1
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Exceedance plots of the fatigue load spectrum for bin class 5 wind speeds: a) Edge-bending in the root of Blade 1, b) Flap-bending in the root of Blade 2
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Dependence of equivalent fatigue load on various inflow parameters for bin class 5 (11-13 m/s) wind speeds: a) Flap bending loads, b) Edge bending loads
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Dependence of the flap-bending, equivalent fatigue load on various inflow parameters for bin class 4 wind speeds
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Dependence of the flap-bending, equivalent fatigue load on various inflow parameters for bin class 6 wind speeds
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Dependence of the flap-bending, equivalent fatigue load on various inflow parameters for bin class 7 wind speeds
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Dependence of the flap-bending, equivalent fatigue load on various inflow parameters for bin class 8 wind speeds
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Load extremes for bin class 5 wind speeds: a) Edge-bending loads, b) Flap-bending loads
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Gumbel distribution of the load extremes for bin class 5 wind speeds: a) Edge-bending loads, b) Flap-bending loads
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Gumbel distribution of the load extremes for bin class 8 wind speeds: a) Edge-bending loads, b) Flap-bending loads
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Flow field and structural measurements about the extreme flap event for bin class 5 wind speeds

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