An Update on Solar Central Receiver Systems, Projects, and Technologies

[+] Author and Article Information
Manuel Romero

Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas, Avenida Complutense, 22, E 28040 Madrid, Spaine-mail: romero@ciemat.es

Reiner Buck

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut fuer Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germanye-mail: reiner.buck@dlr.de

James E. Pacheco

Sandia National Laboratories, Solar Thermal Technology Department, PO Box 5800, M/S 0703, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0703e-mail: jepache@sandia.gov

J. Sol. Energy Eng 124(2), 98-108 (Apr 24, 2002) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1467921 History: Received September 01, 2001; Revised January 01, 2002; Online April 24, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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Aerial views of the plants Solar Two of 10 MW in California (superior left) and CESA-1 of 1.2 MW in Almeria, Spain (right)
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Diagram of SOLGAS scheme (Source: Final Project Report to the EC)
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Schematic of a Molten Salt Power Tower
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Influence of heat storage sizing on normalized energy costs for molten salt CRS plants. For annual capacity factors of 65% the lowest cost is obtained (Source: G. Kolb-Sandia National Labs).
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Absorption and heat transfer of tubular and volumetric receivers (after 22)
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Process flow diagram of the PS10 solar tower power plant
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Solar air preheating system
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Modular receiver arrangement
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Scheme of a solar reforming power plant
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Strategy for penetration in the market of the solar tower power plants. The figure represents predicted LEC (in hybrid plants only the solar portion) versus time.




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