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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Ground-Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer from Buildings Part 2–Application

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael P. Deru

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden CO 80401e-mail: michael_deru@nrel.gov

Allan T. Kirkpatrick

Mechanical Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins CO 80523e-mail: allan@engr.colostate.edu

J. Sol. Energy Eng 124(1), 17-21 (May 01, 2001) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1435651 History: Received November 01, 2000; Revised May 01, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Deru, M., and Kirkpatrick, A., 2001, “Ground-Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer From Buildings: Part 1- Analysis and Modeling,” ASME Solar Energy Division Conf., Washington, DC.
Deru, M., 2001, “Ground-Coupled Heat and Moisture Transfer From Buildings,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.
Lachenbruch, A. H., 1957, “Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction in Permafrost Beneath Heated Buildings,” Geological Survey Bulletin 1052-B.
Muncey, R. W. R., and Spencer, J. W., 1978, “Heat Flow into the Ground Under a House,” Energy Conservation in Heating, Cooling, and Ventilating Buildings, Vol. 2, Hoogendoorn, C. J., and Afgan, N. H. (eds.), Hemisphere Publishing Corp., Washington, DC, pp. 649–660.
Shen,  L. S., and Ramsey,  J. W., 1983, “A Simplified Thermal Analysis of Earth- Sheltered Buildings Using a Fourier-Series Boundary Method,” ASHRAE Trans., 89(1B), pp. 438–448.
Delsante,  A. E., and Stokes,  A. N., 1983, “Application of Fourier Transforms to Periodic Heat Flow into the Ground Under the Building,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 26, No. 1, pp. 121–132.
Claesson,  J., and Hagentoft,  C.-E., 1991, “Heat Loss to the Ground From a Building - I. General Theory,” Building and Environment, 26, No. 2, pp. 195–208.
Krarti,  M., Claridge,  D. E., and Kreider,  J. F., 1988a, “The ITPE Technique Applied to Steady-State Ground-Coupling Problems,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 31, No. 9, pp. 1885–1898.
Krarti,  M., Claridge,  D. E., and Kreider,  J. F., 1988b, “ITPE Technique Applications to Time-Varying Two-Dimensional Ground-Coupling Problems,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 31, No. 9, pp. 1899–1911.
Krarti,  M., Claridge,  D. E., and Kreider,  J. F., 1990, “ITPE Technique Applications to Time-Varying Three-Dimensional Ground-Coupling Problems,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 112, pp. 849–856.
Mitalas, G. P., 1982, “Basement Heat Loss Studies at DBR/NRC,” National Research Council of Canada Division of Building Research, DBR Paper No. 1045.
Mitalas,  G. P., 1987, “Calculation of Below-Grade Residential Heat Loss: Low-Rise Residential Building,” ASHRAE Trans., 93(1), pp. 743–784.
Shen, L. S., 1986, “An Invesitgation of Transient, Two-Dimensional Coupled Heat and Moisture Flow in Soils,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
Shen,  L. S., and Ramsey,  J. W., 1988, “An Investigation of Transient, Two-Dimensional Coupled Heat and Moisture Flow in the Soil Surrounding a Basement Wall,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 31, No. 31, pp. 1571–1527.
Bahnfleth, W. P., 1989, “Three-Dimensional Modeling of Heat Transfer From Slab Floors,” National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, ADA210826.
Bahnfleth, W. P., Cogil, C. A., and Yuill, G. K., 1998, “Three-Dimensional Modeling of Conditioned and Unconditioned Basement Thermal Performance,” Proc. of Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, Clearwater, FL, pp. 501–522.
Adjali,  M. H., Davies,  M., and Littler,  J., 1998, “Three-Dimensional Earth-Contact Heat Flows: A Comparison of Simulated and Measured Data for a Buried Structure,” Renewable Energy, 15, pp. 356–359.
Moore,  R. E., 1939, “Water Conduction From Shallow Water Tables,” Hilgardia, 12, No. 6, pp. 383–426.

Figures

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Mesh and boundary conditions used for the slab-on-grade simulations
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Mesh and boundary conditions used for the basement simulations
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Heat flux across the slab-on-grade floor at 12:00 on day 14 with sandy loam soil and winter conditions
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Hourly slab floor heat loss for the summer insulated cases with 25 mm of rain on days 7 and 14
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Hourly slab floor heat loss for the summer uninsulated cases with 25 mm of rain on days 7 and 14
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Daily basement wall heat loss for the summer cases with 50 mm of rain on day 7
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Average daily basement heat losses for winter insulated and uninsulated cases with ground water depths of 10 m, 5 m, and 3 m
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Daily total basement heat loss values predicted by the heat and moisture transfer model and the heat transfer model with two soil thermal conductivities

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