0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Treatment of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Solar Photocatalysis: Comparison of Coupled Photocatalytic-Active Carbon vs. Active Carbon

[+] Author and Article Information
Sixto Malato, Julián Blanco, Pilar Fernández-Ibáñez, Julia Cáceres

Plataforma Solar de Almerı́a (PSA), Crta. Senés km. 4, Tabernas, Almerı́a 04200, Spain

J. Sol. Energy Eng 123(2), 138-142 (Nov 01, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1351814 History: Received May 01, 2000; Revised November 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Rupert,  G., Bauer,  R., and Heisler,  G., 1994, “Comparison of Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water,” Chemosphere 28, No. 8, pp. 1447–1454.
Serpone,  N., 1994, “A Decade of Heterogeneous Photocatalysis in our Laboratory: Pure and Applied Studies in Energy Production and Environmental Detoxification,” Res. Chem. Intermed. 20, pp. 953–992.
Kamat,  P. V. and Dimitrijevic,  N. 1990, “Colloidal Semiconductors as Photocatalysts for Solar Energy Conversion,” Sol. Energy 44, pp. 83–98.
D. M. Blake, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, Bibliography of Work on the Photocatalytic Removal of Hazardous Compounds from Water and Air, Update Number 1 to June 1995, Update Number 2 to October 1996, Update Number 3 to January 1999, National Technical Information Service, US Dept. of Commerce, Springfield.
Al-Ekabi,  H., Safarzadeh,  A., Sifton,  W., and Story,  J., 1991, “Advanced Technology for Water Purification by Heterogeneous Photocatalysis,” Int. J. Environ. Pollut. 1, pp. 125–136.
Tseng,  J. M., and Huang,  C. P., 1991, “Removal of Chlorophenols from Water by Photocatalytic Oxidation,” Wat. Sci. Tech. 23, pp. 377–387.
Manilal,  V. B., Haridas,  A., Alexander,  R., and Surender,  G. D., 1992, “Photocatalytic Treatment of Toxic Organics in Wastewater: Toxicity of Photodegradation Products,” Water Res. 26, No. 8, pp. 1035–1038.
Ku,  Y., and Hsieh,  Ch. B., 1992, “Photocatalytic Decomposition of 2,4-dichlorophenol in Aqueous TiO2 Suspensions,” Water Res. 26(11), pp. 1451–1456.
D'Oliveira,  J. C., Minero,  C., Pelizzetti,  E., and Pichat,  P., 1993, “Photodegradation of Dichlorophenols and Trichlorophenols in TiO2 Aqueous Suspensions: Kinetic Effects of the Position of the Cl Atoms and Identification of Intermediates,” J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 72, pp. 261–267.
Serra,  F., Trillas,  M., Garcı́a,  J., and Domènech,  X., 1994, “Titanium Dioxide-Photocatalytic Oxidation of 2,4-Dichlorophenol,” J. Env. Sci. Health A29, No. 7, pp. 1409–1421.
Zang,  L., Liu,  C. Y., and Ren,  X. M., 1995, “Photochemistry of Semiconductor Particles: Effects of Surface Condition on the Photodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol Catalysed by TiO2 Suspensions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 91, No. 5, pp. 917–923.
Malato,  S., Gimenez,  J., Richter,  C., Curco,  D., and Blanco,  J., 1997, “Low Concentrating CPC Collectors for Photocatalytic Water Detoxification: Comparison with a Medium Concentrating Solar Collector,” Wat. Sci. Techn. 35, No. 4, 157–164.
Giménez,  J., Curcó,  D., and Queral,  M. A. 1999, “Photocatalytic Treatment of Phenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol in a Solar Plant in the Way to Scaling-up,” Catal. Today 54, pp. 229–244.
Dobbs, R. A., and Cohen, J. M., 1980, Carbon Adsorption Isotherms for Toxic Organics, EPA-600/8-80-023, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Cincinnati.
Solarchem Environmental Systems, 1994, The UV/Oxidation Handbook.
Malato,  S., Blanco,  J., Richter,  C., and Vincent,  M., 1996, “Photocatalytic Degradation of Industrial Residual Waters,” Sol. Energy 56, No. 5, 401–410.
Herrmann,  J. M., Disdier,  J., Pichat,  P., Malato,  S., and Blanco,  J., 1998, “TiO2-Based Solar Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water Organic Pollutants. Case Studies of 2,4-Dichlorophenooxyacetic Acid (2,4-D) and of Benzofuran,” Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 17, pp. 15–23.
Malato, S., Blanco, J., Richter, C., Fernández P., and Maldonado, M. K., 2000, “Solar Photocatalytic Mineralization of Commercial Pesticides: Oxamyl,” Solar En. Mat. Solar Cells, accepted.
Parent,  Y., Blake,  D., Magrini-Bair,  K., Lyons,  C., Turchi,  C., Watt,  A., Wolfrum,  E., and Prairie,  M., 1996, “Solar Photocatalytic Process for the Purification of Water: State of Development and Barriers to Commercialization,” Sol. Energy 56, No. 5, pp. 429–438.
Turchi, C. S., and Link, H. F., 1991, “Relative Cost of Photons from Solar or Electric Sources for Photocatalytic Water Detoxification.” in Proc. of ISES Solar World Congress, Denver, CO; Arden, M. E., Burley, S. M. A., and Coleman, M. (eds), Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 2115–2122.
Link H., and Turchi, C. S., 1991, “Cost and Performance Projections for Solar Water Detoxification Systems,” in Proc. of ASME Int. Solar Energy Meeting. Reno, Nevada, Mancini, T. R., Watanabe, K., and Klett, D. E., (eds.), ASME, New York, pp. 289–294.
Aguas de Levante, Barcelona, Spain, 1996, personal communication.
Crosby,  D. G., 1981, “Environmental Chemistry of Pentachlorophenol,” Pure Appl. Chem. 53, pp. 1051–1080.
Gemasur, S. L. (residue authorized manager AN-0002), Cordoba, Spain, 1996, personal communication.
EC Directive 1999/31/EC, of 26th April 1999, related with the disposal of residues.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Profit derived from the combination of photocatalysis and active carbon
Grahic Jump Location
CPCs pilot plant used for DCP experiments (one 1 module is drawn)
Grahic Jump Location
DCP decomposition at different initial concentrations. TiO2 = 200 mg L−1. (▪,□) C0 = 20 mg L−1; (▾,▿) C0 = 50 mg L−1; (•,○) C0 = 200 mg L−1. Open dots correspond to DCP and solids dots to TOC
Grahic Jump Location
Calculation of treatment costs for 1000 m3 of DCP-contaminated water for the different options examined
Grahic Jump Location
Required collector surface, as a function of the average available UV for the three cases in Fig. 4

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In