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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Solar Chimney Cycle Analysis With System Loss and Solar Collector Performance

[+] Author and Article Information
Anthony J. Gannon, Theodor W. von Backström

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa

J. Sol. Energy Eng 122(3), 133-137 (Jul 01, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1314379 History: Received December 01, 1999; Revised July 01, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Trieb,  F., Langniß,  O., and Klaiß,  H., 1997, “Solar Electricity Generation—A Comparative View of Technologies, Costs and Environmental Impact,” Sol. Energy, 59, Nos. 1–3, pp. 89–99.
Schlaich, J., 1995, “The Solar Chimney: Electricity from the Sun,” C. Maurer, Geislingen, Germany.
Haaf,  W., Friedrich,  K., Mayr,  G., and Schlaich,  J., 1983, “Solar Chimneys: Part I: Principle and Construction of the Pilot Plant in Manzanares,” International Journal of Solar Energy, 2, No. 1, pp. 3–20.
Von Backström,  T. W., and Gannon,  A. J., 2000, “The Solar Chimney Air Standard Cycle,” South African Institution of Mechanical Engineering R&D Journal, 16, March 2000, pp. 16–24.
Cohen, H., Rogers, G. F. C., and Saravanamuttoo, H. I. H., 1996, Gas Turbine Theory, Fourth Edition, Addison Wesley Longman Limited, England, pp. 37–45.
Von Backström, T. W., and Gannon, A. J., 2000, Compressible Flow Through Tall Chimneys, Proceedings of Solar 2000, Madison, Wisconsin, June 2000.
Preston-Whyte, R. A., and Tyson, P. D., 1989, The Atmosphere and Weather of Southern Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, South Africa.
Incropera, F. P., and DeWitt, D. P., 1990, Introduction to Heat Transfer, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore.
Holman, J. P., 1992, Heat Transfer, Seventh Edition, McGraw-Hill Book International (UK) Limited, London.
Sears, F. W., Zemansky, M. W., and Young, H. D., 1987, University Physics, 7th Edition, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA.
Haaf,  W., 1984, “Solar Chimneys: Part II: Preliminary Test Results from the Manzanares Pilot Plant,” International Journal of Solar Energy, 2, No. 2, pp. 141–161.

Figures

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Solar chimney schematic
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Temperature-entropy diagram for air standard cycle analysis
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Temperature-entropy diagram for air standard cycle analysis with system losses
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Temperature-entropy diagram for air standard cycle analysis with system losses for limiting turbine temperature drop
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Detail of control colume of solar collector showing nomenclature for temperatures, heat, mass and radiation flow
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Comparison of simulated and experimental results from Manzares, Spain
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Power output vs. mass flow along line of constant inlet radiation

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