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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Hydrodynamic Analysis of Direct Steam Generation Solar Collectors

[+] Author and Article Information
S. D. Odeh, M. Behnia, G. L. Morrison

School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052

J. Sol. Energy Eng 122(1), 14-22 (Nov 01, 1999) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.556273 History: Received June 01, 1998; Revised November 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Müller,  M., 1991, “Test Loop for Research on Direct Steam Generation in Parabolic Trough Power Plants,” Sol. Energy Mater., 24, pp. 222–230.
Müller M., 1994, “Direct Solar Steam in Parabolic Trough Collectors DISS, Pre-Design of a Flexible PSA-Based Test Facility,” Plataforma Solar De Almeria, 84-605-1479-X.
Cohen G., and Kearney D., 1994, “Improved Parabolic Trough Solar Electric Systems Based on the SEGS Experience,” SOLAR 94, American Solar Energy Society, pp. 147–150.
Dagan, E., Muller M., and Lippke F., 1992, “Direct Steam Generation in the Parabolic Trough Collector,” Report of Plataform Solar de Almeria-Madrid.
Lippke,  F., 1996, “Direct Steam Generation in Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants: Numerical Investigation of the Transients and the Control of a Once–Through System,” ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng., 118, pp. 9–14.
Odeh,  S., Morrison,  G. L., and Behnia,  M., 1998, “Modelling of Parabolic Trough Direct Steam Generation Solar Collectors,” Sol. Energy, 62, pp. 395–406.
Ajona J. I., Herrmann U., Sperduto F., and Farinha M. J., 1996, “Main Achievements Within ARDISS Advanced Receiver for Direct Solar Stream Production in Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plant Project,” Proceedings of 8th International Symposium on Solar Thermal Concentrating Technology, Vol. 2, pp. 33–753, Müller Verlag, Germany.
Mandhane,  J. M., Gregory,  G. A., and Aziz,  K., 1974, “A Flow Pattern Map for Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 1, pp. 537–553.
Taitel,  Y., and Dukler,  A. E., 1976, “A Model for Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas Liquid Flow,” AIChE. J., 22, pp. 47–55.
Barnea,  D., 1987, “A Unified Model for Predicting Flow Pattern Transition for the Whole Range of Pipe Inclinations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 13, pp. 1–12.
Taitel Y., 1990, “Flow Pattern Transition in Two Phase Flow,” Proceeding of the 9th International Heat Transfer Conference, Hemisphere P. C., New York, Vol. 1, pp. 237–253.
Mandhane,  J. M., Gregory,  G. A., and Aziz,  K., 1977, “Critical Evaluation of Friction Pressure Drop Prediction Method for Gas Liquid Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” J. Pet. Technol., 29, pp. 1348–1358.
Michael,  E. F., and Spedding,  P. L., 1995, “Measurement and Prediction of Pressure Drop in Two Phase Flow,” J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol., 63, pp. 262–278.
Martinelli,  R. C., and Nelson,  D. B., 1948, “Prediction of Pressure Drop During Forced Circulation Boiling of Water,” Trans. ASME, 70, pp. 695–701.
Thom,  J. R. S., 1964, “Prediction of Pressure Drop During Forced Circulation Boiling of Water,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 7, pp. 709–724.
Idsinga,  W., Todreas,  N., and Bowring,  R., 1977, “An Assessment of Two Phase Pressure Drop Correlations for Steam Water System,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 3, pp. 401–413.
Manzano R. J., Hernandez A., Grases P., Zagustan K., Kastner W., Kefer V., Koehler W., and Kraetzer W., 1987, “Pressure Drop in Steam-Water Flow Through Large Bore Horizontal Piping,” 3rd International Conference on Multi Phase Flow, BHRA, The Fluid Engineering Center, Bedford, England, pp. 139–147.
Antipov,  V. G., 1992, “Pressure Drop in Steam Generating Channels,” Heat Transfer Res., 24, pp. 457–464.
Barnea,  D., Shoham,  O., Taitel,  Y., and Dukler,  A. E., 1985, “Gas-Liquid Flow in Inclined Tubes: Flow Pattern Transition for Upward Flow,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 40, pp. 131–136.
Lin,  P. Y., and Hanratty,  T. J., 1986, “Prediction of the Initiation of Slug with Linear Stability Theory,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 12, pp. 77–98.
Hanratty,  T. J., 1987, “Gas-Liquid Flow in Pipelines,” PCH, PhysicoChem. Hydrodyn., 9, pp. 101–114.
Stephan K., 1992, Heat Transfer in Condensation and Boiling, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 174–230.
Olujic,  Z., 1985, “Predicting Two Phase Flow Friction Loss in Horizontal Pipes,” Chem. Eng., 92, pp. 45–50.
Chawla,  J. M., 1972, “Frictional Pressure Drop in the Flow of Liquid/Gas Mixtures in Horizontal Pipes,” (in German), Chem. Eng. Technol., 44, pp. 58–63.
Brown Boveri Co., 1986, “Report on SEGS 6 Boiler Mode with Reheat Cycle,” Program HT 452, HTGD 344082.

Figures

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Solar receiver configuration and heat loss modes
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Flow pattern maps and operating characteristics for horizontal DSG collector absorber tube, water-steam, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,texit=450°C, (a) Di=54 mm, and (b) Di=38 mm
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Flow pattern distribution as a function of feedwater flow rate in the bolling zone of a DSG collector. tin=210°C, 600 m long, Di=54 mm,Ibeam=1000 W/m2, (a) Horizontal absorber tube and (b) 10 deg inclined absorber tube.
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Stratified region length versus beam radiation for a horizontal absorber tube, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,Di=54 mm, 600 m long
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Flow pattern distribution in a horizontal DSG collector absorber tube, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,texit=450°C, 600 m long, Di=54 mm, flow rate 0.95 kg/s, lbeam=1000 W/m2.
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Flow pattern distribution in 10 deg inclined DSG collector assembly, 24 collectors× 25 m long, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,texit=450°C,Di=54 mm, flow rate 0.95 kg/s, Ibeam=1000 W/m2
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Comparison between frictional pressure gradient by Martinelli-Nelson 14 and Olujic 23 correlations and Manzano et al. 17 test data for steam-water flow in a horizontal tube, working pressure 20 bar
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Comparison of friction pressure drop correlation by Martinelli-Nelson 14 and Oiujic 23 with Antipov test data for mass fluxes of 500 and 1250 kg/m2 s in a vertical pipe, working pressure 60 bar, Di=13 mm and L=0.975 m
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Pressure drop in a horizontal DSG collector versus feed water flow rate for different working pressures. tin=210°C, 600 m long, Di=54 mm,Ibeam=1000 W/m2.
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Pressure drop in different phase regions in a horizontal absorber tube as a function of beam radiation, Lcollector=600 m,Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,Di=54 mm, flow rate 0.95 kg/s
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Total pressure drop versus beam radiation in horizontal and 10° inclined absorber tubes, 600 m long, tin=210°C,Pin=100 bar,Di=54 mm, flow rate 0.95 kg/s
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Pressure drop in a horizontal DSG collector and a VP-1 oil based collector, 600 m long, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C, for water Di=54 mm, for oil Di=66 mm,Ibeam=1000 W/m2
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Pressure drop versus feed water flow rate at different radiation levels, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,Di=54 mm, 600 m long
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Pressure drop in the horizontal collector for different absorber tube diameters, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,Ibeam=1000 W/m2
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Bolling region flow regimes in a horizontal collector versus absorber tube length, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,texit=450°C,Ibeam=1000 W/m2
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Overall collector efficiency versus absorber tube length for absorber tube diameters of 38 and 54 mm, Pin=100 bar,tin=210°C,Ibeam=1000 W/m2

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