Two-Dimensional Model of the Air Flow and Temperature Distribution in a Cavity-Type Heat Receiver of a Solar Stirling Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
Kh. Kh. Makhkamov

Physical and Technical Institute of the Uzbek, Academy of Sciences, Mavlyanova 2-b, Tashkent, 700084, Uzbekistan

D. B. Ingham

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Leeds, LEEDS, West Yorkshire, LS2 9JT, UK

J. Sol. Energy Eng 121(4), 210-216 (Nov 01, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2888169 History: Received January 01, 1998; Revised October 01, 1999; Online February 14, 2008


A theoretical study on the air flow and temperature in the heat receiver, affected by free convection, of a Stirling Engine for a Dish/Stirling Engine Power System is presented. The standard k-ε turbulence model for the fluid flow has been used and the boundary conditions employed were obtained using a second level mathematical model of the Stirling Engine working cycle. Physical models for the distribution of the solar insolation from the Concentrator on the bottom and side walls of the cavity-type heat receiver have been taken into account. The numerical results show that most of the heat losses in the receiver are due to re-radiation from the cavity and conduction through the walls of the cavity. It is in the region of the boundary of the input window of the heat receiver where there is a sensible reduction in the temperature in the shell of the heat exchangers and this is due to the free convection of the air. Further, the numerical results show that convective heat losses increase with decreasing tilt angle.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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