Experimental Study for a Double-Glazed Forced-Flow Solar Collector/Regenerator

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Yang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung Taiwan, R.O.C.

P.-L. Wang

Materials Research and Development Center, Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology, Lungtan, Taiwan, R.O.C.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 120(4), 253-259 (Nov 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2888128 History: Received November 01, 1996; Revised June 01, 1998; Online February 14, 2008


Experimental study of a double-glazed forced-convection solar collector/regenerator for absorption solar cooling is presented. The south facing experimental solar collector/ regenerator with 10 deg slope is located at Kaohsiung, Taiwan at 120°18′ E longitude and 22°34′ N latitude. The size of the collector is 1 m wide and 7 m long with an effective regeneration area of 0.9 m by 6 m. Previous study for single-glazed forced-convection solar collector/regenerator operated at the same location has shown to have a best day-average efficiency of 17 percent. In order to raise the system performance, a double-glazed collector/regenerator is constructed such that air can be preheated in the upper channel flow. The preheated air is then conducted into the lower channel where it contacts with the film flow of solar heated lithium-chloride solution and regenerates the solution by carrying out the evaporated water vapor. The preheated air has lower relative humidity but the same humidity ratio since it is sensibly heated. Therefore, the regeneration driving potential is increased. The present study shows that the best day-average efficiency can reach 20 percent which increases the feasibility of the open-cycle absorption solar cooling system. Effects of controlling parameters on the collector/regenerator performance are studied, and heat and mass transfer correlations are also presented for design purposes.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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