Wind Turbine Performance Under Icing Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
W. J. Jasinski, S. C. Noe, M. S. Selig, M. B. Bragg

Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 306 Talbot Laboratory, 104 S. Wright Street Urbana, IL 61801-2935

J. Sol. Energy Eng 120(1), 60-65 (Feb 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2888048 History: Received January 01, 1997; Revised March 01, 1997; Online February 14, 2008


The effects of rime ice on horizontal axis wind turbine performance were estimated. For typical supercooled fog conditions found in cold northern regions, four rime ice accretions on the S809 wind turbine airfoil were predicted using the NASA LEWICE code. The resulting airfoil/ice profile combinations were wind tunnel tested to obtain the lift, drag, and pitching moment characteristics over the Reynolds number range 1−2 × 106 . These data were used in the PROPID wind turbine performance prediction code to predict the effects of rime ice on a 450-kW rated-power, 28.7-m diameter turbine operated under both stall-regulated and variable-speed/variable-pitch modes. Performance losses on the order of 20 percent were observed for the variable-speed/ variable-pitch rotor. For the stall-regulated rotor, however, a relatively small rime ice profile yielded significantly larger performance losses. For a larger 0.08c-long rime ice protrusion, however, the rated peak power was exceeded by 16 percent because at high angles the rime ice shape acted like a leading edge flap, thereby increasing the airfoil Cl,max and delaying stall.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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