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RESEARCH PAPERS

The DIAPR: A High-Pressure, High-Temperature Solar Receiver

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Karni, A. Kribus, P. Doron

Environmental Sciences and Energy Research Department, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

R. Rubin, A. Fiterman

Solar Facilities Unit, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

D. Sagie

Rotem Industries Ltd., P. O. Box 9046, Beer Sheva 84190, Israel

J. Sol. Energy Eng 119(1), 74-78 (Feb 01, 1997) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2871853 History: Received September 01, 1995; Revised July 01, 1996; Online February 14, 2008

Abstract

A solar central receiver absorbs concentrated sunlight and transfers its energy to a working medium (gas, liquid or solid particles), either in a thermal or a thermochemical process. Various attractive high-performance applications require the solar receiver to supply the working fluid at high temperature (900–1500°C) and high pressure (10–35 bar). As the inner receiver temperature may be well over 1000°C, sunlight concentration at its aperture must be high (4–8 MW/m2 ), to minimize aperture size and reradiation losses. The Directly Irradiated Annular Pressurized Receiver (DIAPR) is a volumetric (directly irradiated), windowed cavity receiver that operates at aperture flux of up to 10 MW/m2 . It is capable of supplying hot gas at a pressure of 10–30 bar and exit temperature of up to 1300°C. The three main innovative components of this receiver are: • a Porcupine absorber, made of a high-temperature ceramic (e.g., alumina); • a Frustum-Like High-Pressure (FLHIP) window, made of fused silica; • a two-stage secondary concentrator followed by the KohinOr light extractor. This paper presents the design principles of the DIAPR, its structure and main components, and examples of experimental and computational results.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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