Photocatalytic Treatment of Wastewater From 5–Fluorouracil Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Anheden, D. Y. Goswami

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-6300

G. Svedberg

Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

J. Sol. Energy Eng 118(1), 2-8 (Feb 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2847912 History: Received December 01, 1994; Revised March 01, 1995; Online February 14, 2008


This paper presents some of the experimental results from a study conducted to demonstrate the potential use of photocatalytic oxidation for decolorization and COD reduction of wastewater from 5–fluorouracil manufacturing. A series of batch experiments, were carried out using diluted solutions of the wastewater with 0.1 percent w/v TiO2 . Low pressure mercury lamps were used to simulate the UV part of sunlight. The experiments showed that a complete decolorization and a substantial reduction of COD was achieved within 20 hours with a 20 percent solution. During the reaction period, the pH was noted to decrease considerably, indicating formation of acids. Adding hydrogen peroxide to the solution was found to significantly increase the reaction rates. Adding 2400 ppm of H2 O2 gave an 80 percent decrease in color in one hour and a 70-80 percent decrease in COD in 20 hours. The influence of UV-light intensity was also examined. This experiment showed that with a UV-intensity of 15 W/m2, i.e., a cloudy day, the decolorization rate was still considerable, while the COD reduction rate was very low.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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