Performance Predictions of Solar Open-Cycle Absorption Air Conditioning Systems in Three Climatic Regions

[+] Author and Article Information
T. A. Ameel

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA 71272

B. D. Wood

Center for Energy Systems Research, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-5809

Donald A. Siebe

Nuclear Technology and Engineering, Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545

R. Kirk Collier

Florida Solar Energy Center, 300 State Road, #401, Cape Canaveral, FL 32920

J. Sol. Energy Eng 116(2), 107-113 (May 01, 1994) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930497 History: Received March 06, 1992; Revised October 18, 1993; Online June 06, 2008


Open-cycle absorption air conditioning is a promising type of solar-driven cooling system. It addresses, in a significant way, the problems of high solar collector costs and power requirements that are inherent in other solar cooling systems. Previous open-cycle absorption modeling studies have been very limited and included only the solar collection part of the system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential for use of this type of system in various climatic regions of the United States. The study examines this promising type of air conditioning as a total system interacting dynamically with its environment. Mathematical analysis and computer simulation were used. System simulations were performed for three system design concepts. The Typical Meteorological Year data base for Miami, FL, Washington, D.C., and Phoenix, AZ, were used to estimate system potential. The best performance predictions resulted in approximately 60 percent of the seasonal load being met by an open-cycle absorption system in Miami, 70 percent in Washington, and 99 percent in Phoenix.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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